Big Data // Big Data Analytics
News
8/5/2014
11:06 AM
Thomas Claburn
Thomas Claburn
Slideshows
Connect Directly
LinkedIn
Twitter
Google+
RSS
E-Mail
100%
0%

Eavesdropping On A New Level

MIT, Microsoft, and Adobe research team demonstrate how to capture sound using video images of objects. Yes, plants will parrot what you say with more fidelity than parrots, under the right conditions.
Previous
1 of 7
Next

If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it, does it make a sound? This trite question masquerades as a conundrum, when it's really just vexing because of its vague construction and internal contradiction.

Nonetheless, this question can now be answered if there's high-resolution video footage of the toppling tree, even without an audio track.

Researchers from MIT, Microsoft, and Adobe have shown that they can recover sound from video imagery, a technique that promises to pique the interest of intelligence agencies and forensic investigators. While the technique will need to be refined to be practical outside the laboratory, it has the potential to enable retroactive eavesdropping at events that were videoed with sufficient fidelity.

Sound, of course, is how we describe vibrations we receive and perceive, typically through the air. When a sound strikes our eardrums, our eardrums move and we hear the sound (assuming the absence of impairment). And when sound waves strike an object, like a bag of potato chips, it too moves, imperceptibly.

But these vibrations can be perceived with a video camera, as Abe Davis (MIT), Michael Rubenstein (MIT/Microsoft), Neal Wadhwa (MIT), Gautham Mysore (Adobe), Frédo Durand (MIT), and William T. Freeman (MIT) have demonstrated and documented.

In a paper to be presented in mid-August at SIGGRAPH 2014, the researchers describe how they filmed a series of objects using both a high-speed video camera and a consumer video camera and were able to reproduce sounds that had been playing near objects using only video information -- the object's minute vibrations in response to the impact of sound waves.

The technique "allows us to turn everyday objects -- a glass of water, a potted plant, a box of tissues, or a bag of chips -- into visual microphones," the paper explains. "Remarkably, it is possible to recover comprehensible speech and music in a room from just a video of a bag of chips."

The science is similar to that employed by laser microphones, which use light to measure sound vibrations. But laser microphones are an active form of surveillance. Analyzing objects for vibrations can be done after the fact, given video of sufficient quality and source audio of sufficient volume.

The experiment focused on high-speed video -- up to 6,000 frames per second -- but the researchers also had success retrieving audio from video captured on consumer-grade video cameras shooting at 60 frames per second.

US intelligence presumably already has more sophisticated eavesdropping technology. A decade-old patent application arising from work at NASA, "Technique and device for through-the-wall audio surveillance," describes a way to listen in on even soundproofed locations by using "reflected electromagnetic signals to detect audible sound." But MIT's Visual Microphone technique could become a useful addition to an already formidable set of surveillance tools.

Take a look at how it works.

Thomas Claburn has been writing about business and technology since 1996, for publications such as New Architect, PC Computing, InformationWeek, Salon, Wired, and Ziff Davis Smart Business. Before that, he worked in film and television, having earned a not particularly useful ... View Full Bio

Previous
1 of 7
Next
Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
<<   <   Page 2 / 2
David F. Carr
100%
0%
David F. Carr,
User Rank: Author
8/5/2014 | 11:35:30 AM
Practical, non-evil applications?
What did the researchers say motivated them to undertake this project? Are they trying to reverse engineer things likely already used by spy agencies? Or is there a commercial application?

I imagine a video system peering through the windows of passing cars to see what the driver and passengers are talking about, then triggering billboard displays with adwords-style promotions driven by keywords. A step beyond Minority Report?
<<   <   Page 2 / 2
6 Tools to Protect Big Data
6 Tools to Protect Big Data
Most IT teams have their conventional databases covered in terms of security and business continuity. But as we enter the era of big data, Hadoop, and NoSQL, protection schemes need to evolve. In fact, big data could drive the next big security strategy shift.
Register for InformationWeek Newsletters
White Papers
Current Issue
InformationWeek Tech Digest September 24, 2014
Start improving branch office support by tapping public and private cloud resources to boost performance, increase worker productivity, and cut costs.
Video
Slideshows
Twitter Feed
InformationWeek Radio
Sponsored Live Streaming Video
Everything You've Been Told About Mobility Is Wrong
Attend this video symposium with Sean Wisdom, Global Director of Mobility Solutions, and learn about how you can harness powerful new products to mobilize your business potential.