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11/18/2013
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10 Cool DARPA Projects In Development

These breakthrough technologies address a range of military challenges, from mental disorders to battlefield safety.
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Brain implants, military robots, and more
The experimental projects of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's (DARPA) often bring to mind the tech found in some sci-fi movies: robots, brain chips, self-patching defense systems. But DARPA's projects also point to some of the current real-world challenges the agency is trying to help solve.

The agency, for instance, is exploring virtual robotics to be used for disaster response. It's also building micro-scale vacuum pumps that could be incorporated into gas analyzers for detecting chemical agents. These are just some of the tech applications in the works.

On the military front, DARPA is focused on improving communications on the battlefield. For example, it's working on a new way to provide secure mobile networking by enabling soldiers' mobile devices to act as a private cloud. It also is developing radio technologies that can operate without glitches in congested environments.

Earlier this year, DARPA became a key participant in a new federal initiative called Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN), to better understand and map the human brain. The White House is contributing $100 million in funding in the first year of the program, half of which will come from DARPA. Building on that effort, DARPA announced plans in October to spend more than $70 million over five years to develop implants that could monitor the human brain, and created a program called Systems-Based Neurotechnology for Emerging Therapies (SUBNETS).

SUBNETS will investigate therapies that use near real-time recording, analysis, and stimulation in next-generation devices inspired by current deep brain stimulation (DBS), which involves implanting electrodes within specific areas of the brain.

"SUBNETS is a push toward innovative, informed and precise neurotechnological therapy to produce major improvements in quality of life for service members and veterans who have very few options with existing therapies," DARPA program manager Justin Sanchez said in a written statement. "These are patients for whom current medical understanding of diseases like chronic pain or fatigue, unmanageable depression or severe post-traumatic stress disorder can't provide meaningful relief."

In April 2013, DARPA released a framework that explained the agency's investment strategy and provided an overview of its projects. Program managers define and propose new projects that promise "revolutionary change," according to DARPA. "A wide array of other DARPA technology programs also reflects our investment approaches for catalyzing the future U.S. technology base for national security." Robotic systems, advanced prosthetics and the brain-machine interface, innovative manufacturing technologies, adaptable sensor systems, computing platforms, and countermeasures for biological agents all fall into this category.

InformationWeek Government has been closely following DARPA's programs. Explore our slideshow to learn more DARPA's coolest new tech projects.

(Source: DARPA)

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Gary_EL
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Gary_EL,
User Rank: Ninja
11/19/2013 | 12:27:04 AM
Connecting to the central nervous system
I noticed a mention of advanced prosthetics and the brain-machine interface in this article, but what about mending the central nervous system after one of it's nerves, like the spinal cord, are severed? Doesn't it stand to reason that if a transducer can be attached to the brain, a similar device should be able to interface with either end of a severed spine? I remember reading about a mouse's severed spinal cord being repaired in an experiment, so it is obviously possible in a mammal.
dblake950
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dblake950,
User Rank: Strategist
11/18/2013 | 11:12:14 AM
Re: Short circuits
Jamescon, you're response is on the mark. it shouldn't be an either/or question. DARPA projects may be funded and aimed to address a particular defense issue, but the technology that evolves from these efforts often has wider implications: ARPAnet/Internet and GPS spring to mind.

Technology developed to address PTSD may have broader benefits for all manner of neurological/psychological medical treatments; and the fact remains that such costly experimental technolgy might never even be explored without agencies such as DARPA expending funds on them.
Jamescon
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Jamescon,
User Rank: Moderator
11/18/2013 | 10:33:56 AM
Re: Short circuits
Alex. I don't think that research should be funded at the expense of treatment programs for vets. There should be room for both, particularly where we can hope that the brain research might minimize the need for treatment down the road.
Alex Kane Rudansky
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Alex Kane Rudansky,
User Rank: Author
11/18/2013 | 10:10:58 AM
Re: Short circuits
While I think it's great the government is devoting resources to technology R+D for mental illnesses and disorders, I can't help but think some of that money would be better spent on recovery programs for vets with PTSD. Is technology the answer? Or social/recovery programs that provide mental health resources for vets?
Jamescon
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Jamescon,
User Rank: Moderator
11/18/2013 | 9:47:58 AM
Short circuits
Anything that can be done to help returning warriors to overcome PTSD and other combat-related brain disorders is well worth the effort. Thanks for looking at these initiatives.
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