federal research and development (R&D) for fiscal year 2013, with the a particular boost to research being done at the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and the Department of Energy (DOE).
President Obama's proposed R&D budget for 2013, released Monday, also provides $3 billion to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education as part of an ongoing effort to prepare a more technology-savvy workforce and help the United States remain competitive overseas.
In total, the White House has proposed $140.8 billion for R&D, an increase of 1.4% over last year's enacted budget, according to the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), which partners with the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to advise the president on R&D priorities.
The proposed federal research portfolio, which encompasses basic and applied research, is $64.0 billion, an increase of $2 billion, or 3.3%, over what was spent last year, and the proposal for non-defense R&D is $64.9 billion, a 5% boost.
[Big data, mobility, cybersecurity, and the cloud are top priorities for NIST going forward. Read more at Federal Standards Body Focuses On Big Data, Cloud.]
The increase has been offset by reductions in Department of Defense (DOD) weapons-system development that is transitioning to production, according to the OSTP. Overall, the DOD took a 2.1% budget cut to $71.2 billion.
The budget proposal includes stipends for research efforts in clean air and energy at the Department of Energy. Specifically, it provides $350 million for transformational energy R&D in the DOE's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, and $2.3 billion for DOE's Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy office to focus on clean-vehicle technologies research.
The proposal also calls for $2.6 billion for the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), which aims to understand and prevent global changes resulting from over-dependence on fossil fuels.
Also benefiting from the budget increase are the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) laboratories, which--along with the DOE's science office--will get a combined $13.1 billion, an increase of 4.4% over their funding last year.
The DHS and NIST also will get significant bumps for their R&D efforts, with the DHS seeing a 26.3% increase of $729 million; and NIST seeing a proposed labs budget for 2013 of $708 million, an increase of 13.8% over last year's funding, according to the OSTP.
Other agencies and research efforts that have proposed increases for 2013 include:
--NASA ($9.6 billion, up 2.2%)
--The National Nanotechnology Initiative ($1.8 billion, up 4.1%)
--U.S. Geological Survey ($718 million, up 6.4%)
--The Environmental Protection Agency R&D ($580 million, up 2.1%).
Despite the overall increase, it wasn't all good news for agency R&D budgets, as some likely will see their funding fall next year. Those include the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which takes a 1.5% cut to $2.3 billion in the proposal; and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which takes a 3.8% cut to $552 million.
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