HIPAA Compliance: What Every Developer Should Know
Apple Health and Google Fit have spurred a surge of interest in health apps. Here's what developers need to understand about HIPAA compliance.
look up disease information do not need to be HIPAA-compliant. However, if the app allows the doctor to record disease information about a specific patient, it must be compliant.
What does a mobile app need to be HIPAA-compliant? If you determine that your app must be compliant, you need to learn the HIPAA requirements for developers. Here are some of the basic things your app will need to include:
Secure access to PHI via unique user authentication
Encryption of data that will be stored
Regular safety updates to protect from any breaches
A system to audit the data and ensure that it hasn't been accessed or modified in any unauthorized way
A mobile wipe option that allows PHI to be wiped if the device is lost
Data backup in case of a device loss, failure, or other disaster
Keeping PHI out of your application is the easiest way to avoid potential breaches of that information while reducing the technical debt required to build and maintain compliant systems.
Developers should never use third-party file storage and hosting platforms unless the providers explicitly state they are HIPAA-compliant and agree to sign a Business Associate Agreement. However, it is very important to research these carefully if you plan to use one for any data stored for a HIPAA-covered app. HIPAA-compliant hosting providers such as Amazon and Firehost take care of the Physical Safeguard requirements of HIPAA, but simply using HIPAA hosting does not make your app compliant. Any service providers that you use for any part of your app must also be HIPAA-compliant themselves and willing to sign a Business Associate Agreement.
No Safe Harbor for protected health information Many developers don't realize that, unlike the DMCA, there is no Safe Harbor clause for HIPAA. Even if your application is not intended to store or transmit protected health information, it can still be in violation of HIPAA. PHI breaches are major violations that carry hefty fines. Simply refusing to sign a Business Associate Agreement, or ignoring the data flowing through your application, won't absolve you from the requirements of the law.
If you are unsure about whether your app needs to be compliant, consider implementing HIPAA compliance practices to protect your business. Also, check out the US Department of Health and Human Services website, which provides some great resources for developers.
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