Infrastructure // Storage
Commentary
1/20/2012
10:40 AM
George Crump
George Crump
Commentary
Connect Directly
RSS
E-Mail
50%
50%
Repost This

Solid State Disk's True Cost

IT pros focus on SSD's hefty startup costs, but you must consider other costs when evaluating the storage technology.

Solid state disk (SSD) has a significant upfront cost that makes most IT professionals hesitate on considering the technology. Depending on the SSD type, it can be 10 to 15 times more expensive than the equivalent hard drive technology when considered on a cost per GB basis. Those in the solid state community are quick to point to SSD's I/O-per-second cost advantage, but evaluating the true cost of adding SSD to your environment is more complex than that.

Recently, as solid state prices have continued to decrease and storage system builders have become more sophisticated in their memory-based storage implementation, the technology's potential has become significantly wider. Also, as we will discuss on an upcoming InformationWeek webinar, flash-controller manufacturers are adding more intelligence to their controller technology to make less-expensive flash technologies like multi-level cell more practical.

Even with all this advancement, there are still costs associated with solid-state memory beyond just the cost of the system. Understanding these costs may impact how you implement flash in your environment or which vendor you select when looking for storage systems that include flash.

The Cost Of Placement

There is a cost associated to knowing which data should be placed on the SSD tier. Essentially there are three ways to get data to the SSD tier: static, automated, or flash-only placement.

Static placement means understanding which data needs to be accelerated, and manually placing that data on the solid state device. There is a cost associated with analyzing the data in your environment to know which data qualifies, and updating that analysis so that only the right data is on that static solid state tier at all times. There is also a cost associated with integrating this separate tier and potentially separate system (in the case of a solid state appliance) into your data protection and disaster recovery scheme. We discuss this in our article Integrating SSD and Maintaining Disaster Recovery.

Automated data placement, via either caching or automated tiers, removes much of the manual cost of data placement, but replaces it with a cost of resources, as well as the risk of inaccuracies--meaning that the data could be on hard disk instead of solid state when you need it. Resources are needed to automate the analysis of data and to provide sufficient bandwidth to move data back and forth between hard disk and solid state. This high back-and-forth copy also requires many vendors to use a higher endurance flash media like single-level cell.

Flash-only systems avoid all analysis, both manual and automated. Everything is placed on solid state. These systems have the potential downside of no hard drive tier to reduce costs. To offset the cost of a solid state-only environment, most of these systems can use lower cost flash media because they don't have the copy-back-and-forth problem that the automated solutions do.

These systems also leverage deduplication and compression to further wring out the costs associated with being flash only. The space optimization technologies work surprisingly well in these environments, as we explained in a recent Chalk Talk, but they do add a burden to the system that needs to be compensated for.

Cost of placement is just one consideration in calculating the true cost of SSD. There is also the cost savings that SSD technologies can bring to the enterprise. That will be the subject of our next entry.

Follow Storage Switzerland on Twitter

George Crump is lead analyst of Storage Switzerland, an IT analyst firm focused on the storage and virtualization segments. Storage Switzerland's disclosure statement.

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
jurk
50%
50%
jurk,
User Rank: Apprentice
1/25/2012 | 9:57:31 AM
re: Solid State Disk's True Cost
how this SSD is better then the custom storage device . How much extra it will cost from the previous versions.
http://www.itvarnews.net/
Register for InformationWeek Newsletters
White Papers
Current Issue
InformationWeek Elite 100 - 2014
Our InformationWeek Elite 100 issue -- our 26th ranking of technology innovators -- shines a spotlight on businesses that are succeeding because of their digital strategies. We take a close at look at the top five companies in this year's ranking and the eight winners of our Business Innovation awards, and offer 20 great ideas that you can use in your company. We also provide a ranked list of our Elite 100 innovators.
Video
Slideshows
Twitter Feed
Audio Interviews
Archived Audio Interviews
GE is a leader in combining connected devices and advanced analytics in pursuit of practical goals like less downtime, lower operating costs, and higher throughput. At GIO Power & Water, CIO Jim Fowler is part of the team exploring how to apply these techniques to some of the world's essential infrastructure, from power plants to water treatment systems. Join us, and bring your questions, as we talk about what's ahead.