Yahoo ResuMess: The Trouble With Entitlement Culture
The resume drama for Yahoo CEO Scott Thompson had a quiet player: a corporate culture that seeks fairness but produces employees who feel entitled. Here's what his successor, and all managers, must know about that problem.
In all the coverage surrounding Yahoo's "ResuMess" scandal, one major development remained largely buried. But as a former Yahoo exec, I took quick notice. The reasons: It may have played a significant role in CEO Scott Thompson's departure, it represents one of the biggest challenges confronting his replacement, and it holds lessons for anyone faced with managing the growing legions of employees who consider their jobs a birthright.
But before I explain, I'm duty-bound to issue the same disclaimer I did in my last column about lessons in Yahoo's meltdown: After working there as a general manager and VP, Yahoo sent me packing in 2008. Take that into account as you assess my conclusions herein.
Here's what happened to make me go "oh oh." As reported by the New York Times, after Thompson attempted to explain away a computer science degree he didn't have, Yahoo employees and managers contacted board members directly, seeking his dismissal.
Does anyone beside me consider that brazen, especially when it comes to an egregious but hardly criminal ethical breach represented by an inflated resume? I've groused about my leaders to my colleagues. I've even kvetched to my boss. Who hasn't? Complaining about the mucky mucks is as ubiquitous as the water cooler itself. But never have I gone to a director to call for my CEO's head. Not even when I worked at a startup where I regularly ran into board members, sometimes over drinks.
But then again, this is Yahoo. I can attest to its culture of entitlement. Individual employees claimed not only a right to their opinion but a wont to invoke it too. Or as one of my former exec-level colleagues put it, "The failing of Yahoo had as much to do with the culture [where] anyone can pull the cord and shut down the assembly line."
Yahoo did its own part to spoil the child--what with stock options, subsidized lunches, and free gym memberships, lattes, and sodas. What's more, Yahoo democratized itself too. When I was there, everyone at Yahoo HQ sat in a cube.
Of course, I'll side with those of you already keystroking the flame mail about the virtue of empowered employees. But what happens when it gets to where they become ungovernable? Yahoo may have a broken business model, an errant strategy, and a hapless board. It may have had weak leadership. But it also may be just as wanting for stronger "followership."
Consider one of the most revealing, publicly available datasets I've encountered beyond a company's balance sheet. It comes from Glassdoor, a jobs and career community where employees have already anonymously offered 2.5 million ratings and reviews for more than 160,000 companies.
According to Glassdoor, 879 respondents have given Yahoo's leadership an average 2.4 rating on a scale that tops out at 5. That compares to a 3.9 for nearby Google, or 4.5 for neighboring Facebook. Ouch.
Image courtesy of Glassdoor
Glassdoor also tracks leadership approval ratings, a number that hearkens to those that bedevil presidents. According to Glassdoor, Yahoo employees have been swift to give their CEOs the thumbs down. Co-founder Jerry Yang became the chief at an 81% approval. In just three quarters, his rating plunged to 24%. When his successor, Carol Bartz, took over, she started with a 91% rating that steadily drifted downward -- to 33% by the time she got the heave ho.
I discussed Yahoo's prospects with Rusty Rueff, a member of Glassdoor's board and a workplace consultant. Rueff rose through the ranks at New York-based Pepsico before arriving as an HR exec in 1998 at Silicon Valley's Electronic Arts gaming company where, he admits, he was shocked by the egalitarian way things were done. Even during his own interview process, "everyone had a say," he told me--bosses, peers, and subordinates alike.
His advice for Ross Levinsohn, the 48-year-old Yahoo exec anointed to replace Thompson, is the same for anyone at any level managing in a "teetering" company. "You have to paint for your employees the best vision you can," he says. In my own experience that means finding a mission that transcends money, self-interest, or company success. People who make a living with their intellect really do want to change the world, and you need to find a genuine way to tap their idealism.
"If there's a time to be transparent," he added, it's at times of turmoil. It's okay to stray from the damn-the-torpedoes-full-speed-ahead line companies invariably invoke. He encourages managers to be "way empathetic." In my book, that means telling them something like this: I know you're ticked and frustrated and anxious about this corporate BS, and, honestly, I am, too.
But the main lesson for you may reside in what Rueff suggests for the rest of Yahoo's managers. And he agreed with me when I paraphrased it in the form of an old saying: People don't quit their job--they quit their boss.
Make it so they won't quit you. "Create personal relationships as strong as you can," Rueff said. That means making an earnest effort to help them grow. And by all means, nurture the team. People may abandon a cause or an institution, but they're loath to desert friends and colleagues with whom they've shared the struggle.
And when someone won't play it as a team sport? "If they can't change, they have to go."
The workplace is changing, and fast. But everyone, managers and employees together, need to understand that there's one certainty in uncertain times: Doing business always entails a struggle. No one's guaranteed an easy time.
Patrick Houston is the co-founder of MediaArchiTechs. He is a former SVP for a new media startup, a GM at Yahoo, and editor-in-chief at CNET.com. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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