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8/28/2001
12:52 PM
Fred Langa
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Langa Letter: 1,000 Posts Later: WPA Update

Fred Langa's last column about Windows Product Activation generated more than 1,000 messages in his Listening Post forum. This week, Fred presents some of the most thought-provoking and informative topics, along with a technical update.

Conflicting User Experiences
If 2005 is too far out to discuss in meaningful terms, you might think that at least we could find common ground about WPA in its current form. But even that's elusive. For example, Mike Butler (and several other readers) found WPA to be reasonably forgiving of hardware changes:

I have used the Beta 2, rc1, and rc2. ... I did change my motherboard, CPU, and RAM, and the system still ran fine. I did not have to reactivate it. I did then reinstall to a different hard drive and then I had to re-activate.

But Jerry Groskind (and others) had a very different encounter:

My recent experience (Aug. 22, 2002) with Windows Product Activation suggests that the data on Microsoft's site about when this is required is less than accurate. I am currently running Windows XP RC2 as well as Office XP and FrontPage 2002. I replaced a hard disk and added memory--according to Microsoft, this should not trigger the need to call Microsoft to get permission to run my programs. Not only did I have to call to reactivate Windows XP, but I separately had to call to reactivate Office XP and FrontPage 2002.

The Microsoft folks were nice, no one grilled me about what I was really doing, but I had to call three times and on two of those occasions had trouble getting through. I think XP is great--the most stable operating system I have used--but I frequently update computer components on several computers and I don't want to put Microsoft's activation personnel on my frequent caller's program. It's a major pain, and my experience is inconsistent with what Microsoft suggests.

Indeed, many other readers said that a simple change of hard drive triggered WPA's reactivation engine for them. Changing hard drives is one of the most common, most often-performed system changes, so there's a potential for large numbers of people to be forced into needless reactivation cycles.

Open To Interpretation
Because of conflicting experiences, because the XP operating system isn't fully finished yet, and because the final product-life-cycle answers may be years in coming, many variables in the WPA mix are, at present, intractable.

As a result, WPA is a kind of Rorschach test. If you trust Microsoft, you may interpret WPA's many ambiguities in a positive way, assuming that the as-yet-unresolved details will be worked out in a way favorable to users. Others, of course, see WPA the opposite way and fill in the blanks by assuming that Microsoft will only act in its own interests.

For example, here's how far apart the two sides can be. At one end of the spectrum, some pro-XP readers argued that I misrepresented WPA in the original article because it's not really "registration." They point out that the mandatory "product activation" is step one of a two-step process. Step two is what Microsoft actually calls "registration," and you may skip this step if you wish.

But to me, if you must contact the vendor and must provide some information (even if it's a hash code based on your system configuration) to get permission to use the software, that's "registration"--even if Microsoft calls it something else.

A reader named Joe agreed, but went much further in suggesting a possible reason Microsoft might want to create an arbitrary semantic difference between "activation" and "registration:"

Re: the current discussion on windows WPA--I know in some places it is illegal to require 'registration' for support/services/etc. This is an older law that was created so that when you buy a TV, [for example,] the maker can't deny you your guaranteed rights because you didn't fill out the registration material. I don't know if relates at all to the computer world, but it could. ...
At the very least, it would be Machiavellian to try to circumvent legal issues of "registration" by calling it something else, such as "activation." Whether this seems plausible or ridiculous to you depends on how you regard Microsoft as a corporate entity.

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