Cloud // Infrastructure as a Service
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10/1/2012
07:07 PM
Kurt Marko
Kurt Marko
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Microsoft Hyper-V Keeps Pushing On VMware

Watch out, VMware. Redmond wants a piece of the cloud market, but hypervisor improvements in Server 2012 can also boost reliability and DR in smaller shops.

In enterprise data centers, VMware vSphere is to hypervisors what Microsoft Windows Server is to operating systems: the undisputed kingpin. The numbers don't lie: Our latest InformationWeek Reports Virtualization Management Survey found fully 90% of respondents using some version of vSphere as a primary hypervisor platform, with Microsoft's Hyper-V a distant second. In our Windows 8 Survey fielded in June, just 14% called Hyper-V their main production hypervisor versus 23% saying they will continue to scale out vSphere/Xen/VirtualBox because they don't trust Hyper-V.

Microsoft plans to change that perception.

At last week's Hosting and Cloud Transformation Summit, Scott Ottaway, Microsoft's worldwide industry director for service providers, made clear that the company is no longer content to play second fiddle in the realm of virtualized infrastructure, and it's going to battle with a significantly revamped Hyper-V. While Ottaway was speaking to a crowd of managed service providers, colocation providers, and data center technology merchants, it's clear that the hypervisor technology in Windows Server 2012 is equally beneficial to public and private clouds alike, so expect a similar Microsoft marketing push to enterprise IT.

Ottaway's take on Server 2012's top new features illustrates how Microsoft has been busy plugging holes in a previously serviceable product, but one that invariably lagged VMware's technology: improved virtual machine scalability and performance; network virtualization with quality of service; NIC teaming; disaster recovery with Hyper-V Replica; shared-nothing live migration, such as between nonclustered systems with only local storage; VM failover prioritization; and live storage migration.

It's a heady list. One look at Hyper-V's new capacity specs [PDF] shows that when Ottaway says Microsoft has the goods to allow hosting providers to deliver cloud infrastructure at lower cost (presumably compared with VMware, although he kept the ad hominem comparisons to a minimum), he's not just blowing smoke. Over a range of parameters, from the maximum number of virtual CPUs per VM to memory limits per VM to the maximum size of virtual disks, Hyper-V matches, or in most cases, exceeds its main competitor.

Now, that's all well and good for infrastructure-as-a-service providers looking for a less-expensive alternative to vCloud, but how many enterprises are putting 4 TB in a server in hopes of running 320 VMs? For your typical IT department, particularly small shops, the real enticement with Hyper-V 2012 isn't massive scale. It's improved reliability and redundancy.

Server 2012 now fully decouples VM management from the physical infrastructure and allows nondisruptive migration, simultaneous or queued, of multiple VMs from one host to one or more alternates. For example, you could free up resources on an overloaded server hosting six applications by targeting one application to another smaller machine and two others to a third midsize system. And such sophisticated live migration features don't require a SAN--VMs can live on local file shares. Furthermore, Server 2012 can move virtual hard disks attached to an active VM without disturbing the running applications. Together, these features give IT more flexibility in placing and relocating VMs with no downtime. Whereas the new and improved migration features can improve reliability and resource utilization within a primary data center, Hyper-V Replica [PDF] provides an easy, automated way to replicate VMs to a secondary site.

Let's state up front that HVR isn't designed for large organizations that already have an expensive SAN-based replication system. It's squarely aimed at small and midsize companies looking to get some semblance of a DR system by, for example, having a secondary computer room at a branch office host synchronized copies of critical virtualized applications. All you need is HVR running at each location and a WAN connection--that's it. In fact, you don't even need a full-blown copy of Windows Server 2012; Microsoft has a standalone bare-metal hypervisor, Hyper-V Server 2012, as a freely available download.

In another boon to smaller shops, the servers needn't be identical and can use any type of supported storage; HVR takes care of the rest. As Aidan Finn describes on his Hyper-V blog, HVR works by maintaining and asynchronously replicating log files from one host to another. These logs are then replayed on the target system every five minutes. Since replication is asynchronous, you don't need a high-bandwidth, low-latency connection between the two sites (although busy servers and slow networks may mean you'll fall behind the five-minute log replay window). Fortunately, since you're just replicating change logs, it's unlikely the data rate will overwhelm even broadband branch office circuits. Another nice touch is that HVR can be configured to store multiple recovery points, any of which can be selected when failing over to the secondary host.

One big caveat: Failover and recovery is a manual process. When the primary site goes down, IT must kick into action. Although failover can be managed with Hyper-V Manager, a better option is to automate the process using PowerShell. In fact, to bootstrap creation of automation scripts, Microsoft has developed a library of Hyper-V cmdlets for controlling virtually every aspect of the hypervisor, including most replication features.

Circling back to Ottaway's target audience, MSPs, gives a clue of a Hyper-V deployment option that could be even more interesting to IT: a hybrid private/public environment. Suppose you don't have a branch office or one with suitable space for spare server capacity. Lease a Windows Server at an MSP and fire up HVR, then rest assured that not only are your critical apps automatically protected, but they are being replicated to an environment that's probably more reliable and better monitored than your primary site.

Given the massive overhaul to Microsoft's virtualization platform--we haven't even touched on features of greater interest to large enterprises, such as NIC teaming, network QoS, VM failover priority, and concurrent live migration--don't be surprised if our next virtualization survey shows some sizable erosion in VMware's share. Who knows, if Microsoft's pitch is successful, Hyper-V just might be the IaaS foundation for your next cloud deployment.

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lgarey@techweb.com
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lgarey@techweb.com,
User Rank: Apprentice
10/2/2012 | 9:59:35 PM
re: Microsoft Hyper-V Keeps Pushing On VMware
Hi, We recently did a survey and asked about this -- sorry for the bad formatting, but essentially, Unix/Linux is at about 22%. You can get the full results at reports.informationweek.com in the Servers and Storage section.

Percentage of Servers Running on Each OS
What percentage of your organization's servers are currently running on each of the following operating systems?

Linux (open source)7%
Linux (vendor-specific)8%
UNIX7%
Windows Server 20004%
Windows Server 200322%
Windows Server 200847%
Windows Server 20123%
Other2%

Note: Mean average percentages
Base: 452 respondents at organizations upgrading to Windows 8
Data: InformationWeek 2012 Windows 8 Survey of 859 business technology professionals at organizations with 500 or more employees, June 2012

Lorna Garey, IW Reports
ApacheWarrior
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ApacheWarrior,
User Rank: Apprentice
10/2/2012 | 4:18:47 PM
re: Microsoft Hyper-V Keeps Pushing On VMware
Not sure where you reside, the answer does differ by region. In the US, IBMs server marketshare is approximately 3% of the market with Linux hovering between 7-8%. In Europe Linux and IBMs marketshare is higher with a combined 22% of the market. In Asia/Far East IBM's share is higher in higher end business but Linux is not and Microsoft Server market is still in the 40%+ range (due to piracy and other factors there is no good way to determine the install base other than by anonymous survey.
kurosknight
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kurosknight,
User Rank: Apprentice
10/2/2012 | 2:57:10 AM
re: Microsoft Hyper-V Keeps Pushing On VMware
Microsoft Windows Server is in no way the "undisputed kingpin" in the server OS space. Over 60% of e-mail, DNS, and web servers are *nix. Over 90% of HPCs are *nix based. You're also ignoring IBM's z/OS.
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