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5/2/2014
09:54 AM
Elena Malykhina
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NASA's Next Spacesuit: Mars Fashion

NASA reveals its latest prototype of the "Z" series spacesuit, designed for humans to walk on Mars by the 2030s.
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NASA has revealed the design for its next prototype spacesuit to be used for Mars missions. The prototype, dubbed Z-2, offers better mobility and, unlike current spacewalking suits, is designed to handle the red planet's harsh environment.

NASA chose the Z-2's look based on votes from visitors to a website dedicated to the new spacesuit. The site gave voters three concept designs from which to choose, dubbed "technology," "biomimicry," and "trends in society." All three designs were created by suit vendor ILC and Philadelphia University. The biomimicry design depicts a suit that emulates the bioluminescent qualities of aquatic creatures. The trends suit reflects how everyday clothes might look in the future. However, it was the Tron-like technology design that won following 233,431 public votes.

The Z-2 is the latest prototype in NASA's next-generation spacesuit platform, called the Z-series. The Z-2 builds on the previous prototype of the Z-1 suit. It is the first "surface-specific planetary mobility suit" to be tested in a complete vacuum, and to use 3D human laser scans and 3D-printed hardware, according to NASA. Additionally, it has impact-resistant composite structures on the upper and lower torso. It's the most re-sizeable hard-upper-torso suit built so far.

Another big difference between the two prototypes is the materials they're made of. The Z-1 had a soft upper torso, while the Z-2 has a hard composite upper torso. NASA said the hard upper torso offers long-term durability that a planetary extra-vehicular activity (EVA) suit requires. The shoulder and hip designs also differ. The Z-2 has several improvements that take into account the movement of complex joints.

The materials used on the Z-2 are intended for a full-vacuum environment. NASA is currently planning a comprehensive test campaign for Z-2 to see how it performs in an environment that mimics the lack of atmosphere found in space. The suit will be tested at the Neutral Buoyancy Lab, an indoor pool that NASA uses to train astronauts to spacewalk. NASA will conduct further testing at a rocky Martian-surface analog site at the Johnson Space Center to evaluate the suit's performance.

The final version of the suit is expected to be ready for testing by November. Lessons learned from the tests will then be used to design the Z-3.

NASA has set an ambitious goal to send humans to Mars in the 2030s, so developing a spacesuit for that mission is on the agency's list of priorities. However, the Z-series prototype is still in a non-flight phase, which means it won't be making a trip to space just yet. Click through our slideshow to learn more about the spacesuit's design and capabilities.

Image: NASA

Elena Malykhina began her career at The Wall Street Journal, and her writing has appeared in various news media outlets, including Scientific American, Newsday, and the Associated Press. For several years, she was the online editor at Brandweek and later Adweek, where she ... View Full Bio

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Whoopty
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Whoopty,
User Rank: Ninja
5/14/2014 | 6:58:48 AM
Space Suits
Having read The Martian recently, I have a much more healthy respect for the technology that goes into these suits. Taking into consideration things like temperature, pressure and air supply, I'm more and more impressed by their creation. There's some really smart minds behind it all. 

I'm also pretty excited by the idea of human feet on Mars. Roll on the '30s. 
BillB031
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BillB031,
User Rank: Strategist
5/10/2014 | 1:48:10 PM
scratcher
If I were going to be in one of these space suits, I would demand a remote control face scratcher.  You imagine if you couldn't scratch an itch?
Susan Fourtané
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Susan Fourtané,
User Rank: Ninja
5/7/2014 | 12:21:05 AM
Re: New suits are a necessity
Brian, 

I am pretty sure there is a robotic project already in place. Robots, AIs, spaceship, spacesuit's final versions won't be really before the real date is closer. This one is going nowhere. :D  

-Susan

Brian.Dean
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Brian.Dean,
User Rank: Ninja
5/6/2014 | 1:16:12 AM
Re: New suits are a necessity
Susan, you are right, whenever the spacesuit come before the spaceship, is when the masses are being entertained.

Interestingly, the final version of the spacesuit might make more sense if it were the spaceship as well, with the human safely on earth, Mars is relatively close but even the closest star is around 4.5 light-years away. To get a head start, maybe it would be better to fund nano-printer and open-source robotic projects that could be used to explore beyond.

 
Brian.Dean
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Brian.Dean,
User Rank: Ninja
5/6/2014 | 12:58:31 AM
Re: New suits are a necessity
@Gary, good point. In a way, the government has already planted the seed by giving NASA the funding to land a man on the moon and it has been a long time since that happened, yet private enterprise has not ventured into space in a meaningful manner. The level at which private enterprise can be efficient by utilizing technology, etc, is what is needed, but unless there is some economic incentive that wheel might never begin to roll, it would be nice if there were some resources of value near-earth orbit -- it would jump start everything. 
Liquidfire3d
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Liquidfire3d,
User Rank: Apprentice
5/5/2014 | 5:41:23 PM
Exosuits
Probably a little more comfortable than this space suit. :) http://youtu.be/GQl47P9grhc
Ariella
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Ariella,
User Rank: Ninja
5/5/2014 | 3:13:31 PM
Re: Silly "Hollywood" Visuals
#5 is very Buzz Lightyear. It's more cheerful looking than the gray ones, but I'm not sure they would want the Disney link there. 
rradina
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rradina,
User Rank: Ninja
5/5/2014 | 8:31:57 AM
Silly "Hollywood" Visuals
Although it looks snazzy to have multi-colored suits with stylish designs on the torso, let's get real.  Unless it serves a psychological or functional purpose to have off-colored or multi-colored suits, they will likely be the same color they are today.
rradina
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rradina,
User Rank: Ninja
5/5/2014 | 8:31:48 AM
Silly "Visuals
Although it looks snazzy to have multi-colored suits with stylish designs on the torso, let's get real.  Unless it serves a psychological or functional purpose to have off-colored or multi-colored suits, they will likely be the same color they are today.
Susan Fourtané
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Susan Fourtané,
User Rank: Ninja
5/5/2014 | 1:13:18 AM
Re: New suits are a necessity
Brian, 

"the word "nano" was not used by NASA, considering the weight concerns, maybe Z-3 will not be the final version."

I believe there were many versions between this prototype and the final version. And that final version will be very different from the one in these pictures we see today. 

As you said, nanotechnology can't be left out. IBM even created a 3D nano printer. Just imagine all the new things, materials, and technologies that will be available by when it's really time to think seriously about the this suit. This time it was just a teaser to entertain the masses. 

-Susan

 
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