The Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity outlines five strategies on which the government and private-sector organizations that own and control critical energy infrastructure should collaborate to create a secure and resilient energy-delivery system in the United States.
The September 2011 roadmap--prepared by the Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group, a private-public partnership of cybersecurity experts--is an update to one released in 2006 that takes into consideration the increased sophistication of today's cyberattacks, said U.S Energy secretary Steven Chu in a statement.
"Increased insight from private-public collaborations will allow us to better protect the nation's energy delivery systems that keep our lights on and the power flowing," he said.
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The plan calls for officials to create a culture of security that includes better risk-management practices that are periodically reviewed and challenged. This should ensure that security controls remain in place and continue to be effective even among changes to the energy-delivery system or emerging threats, according to the DOE.
Private and public stakeholders also should assess and monitor risk so they can respond to evolving cyberthreats and vulnerabilities, according to the roadmap.
Another aspect of the plan is an increased ability to manage cyber incidents when preventative measures aren't effective, according to the DOE. Stakeholders should put in place better detection, remediation, recovery, and restoration methods that can mitigate the impact of an incident, as well as conduct post-incident analysis and forensics to learn from attacks.
Finally, the roadmap calls for the energy sector to sustain security improvements by committing the resources to do so, as well as to ensure that collaboration between public and private stakeholders doesn't falter, according to the DOE.
The roadmap does note some barriers to achieving these goals. Among them are a shortage of skilled engineers and craft workers in the energy industry; limited knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of the security risks of energy-delivery systems; and a rapidly changing security risk environment.
Security experts long have worried about threats to U.S. critical infrastructure such as the power grid, and the Obama administration has implemented a number of initiatives--such as smart-grid collaboration and technology standards from the National Institute of Standards and Technology--to help the private sector to bolster security in this area.
Last year a research firm estimated that utility companies will invest more than $21 billion on cybersecurity by 2015 to protect the world's electrical grids.
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