Why are they wrong?
Great subject, David.
Leadership is wildly misunderstood. Mainly because the leadership industry studies what leaders do and not what followers follow and why they follow.
I managed people for over 30 years. I started by using the traditional command and control model giving lots of orders for the first 12 years thus making all the mistakes one can make. But during that time I was considered to be one of the very best and was given responsibilities well beyond my years and promoted fast.
Then I started listening to my people and responding as best I could to what I heard. Their performance started to rise. The more I did it the more performance rose becoming in 18 months at least twice higher than I had thought humanly possible. I did not need to give orders any more as they were proactively doing what needed to be done.
Years of listening taught me that leadership is simply the transmission of value standards to people which about 95% of them then use as how to do their work - how industriously, honestly, respectfully, openly, cooperatively, fairly, etc., etc.
Leadership is transmitted through the support management provides to its workforce - training, tools, coaching, direction, discipline, material, parts, information, planning, and the like.
Eventually, I became able to raise performance to a level four times higher than I had thought humanly possible because I learned how to convert followers into non-followers.
Hope this helps, Ben Simonton