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4/15/2014
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Inside Kayak's Search For Seasoned IT Talent

A few wrinkles won't hurt job candidates at travel company Kayak, which says it's struggling to fill senior technology jobs in its US office. And H-1B visas don't entirely solve the problem.

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Battle-tested IT pros looking for work, drop a line to Kayak CTO Giorgos Zacharia. He's hiring. And he's tired of struggling to fill open positions with top-tier talent, particularly for the travel site's engineering headquarters in Concord, Mass.

Zacharia said mobile engineers, front-end developers, and data scientists especially are hard to come by these days. It's an urgent challenge because, although most consumers probably think of Kayak as a travel company, it's really a technology firm. Technical employees comprise 70% of the staff. It also seems, at the surface, a particularly odd challenge. Kayak's US engineering base is located just down Route 2 from Harvard and MIT. It's also near a wealth of other universities in the Boston area, a region that's no stranger to tech startups and established companies.

In fact, Zacharia doesn't have much trouble finding fresh faces for positions that don't require tons of prior on-the-job experience, thanks largely to the regularly replenished supply of new college graduates in the area. Instead, it's the faces showing a wrinkle or three -- and better-suited for mid- and senior-level positions as a result -- that are much harder to find and hire.

"The challenge is hiring more experienced staff," Zacharia said in an interview. "Mobile is still a young area. However, there is a significant difference in the productivity of somebody who is more experienced than somebody who is right out of school. Don't get me wrong: They're very talented, fresh graduates. But for certain positions you want to have more seasoned engineers."

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Even that ready supply of fresh graduates can pose a human resources challenge for the US-based office. "Many of them are international students who require visa support [after their student visas expire]," Zacharia said.

As a result, Kayak has turned to the H-1B application process to help fill its open seats. It successfully applied a half-dozen visas in 2013 and did so again during the 2014 window, which closed on April 7. US Citizenship and Immigration Services received 172,500 applications in less than a week, more than doubling the cap of 65,000 new H-1Bs, plus 20,000 additional visas for people with advanced degrees.

Image: hobvias sudoneighm (Flickr)
Image: hobvias sudoneighm (Flickr)

"The reality is that we have more positions than we can fill," Zacharia said. The company has 12 job openings in Concord and an analytics position in Stamford, Conn. It's also hiring in its Berlin technology center and other international offices. But because Concord is the company's technology hub, IT pros eligible to work in the US are at a premium.

"We pay very competitively. It's not an issue of compensation. It's that we don't find enough of the right talent," Zacharia added. Kayak offers the other trappings of companies elbowing each other out of the way in the cutthroat competition for talent, too: four weeks paid vacation, flexible hours, a stocked game room, and -- perhaps best of all -- "no stupid meetings," according to Kayak's careers site. Health, dental, vision, retirement: yes, yes, yes, and yes.

Zacharia said the H-1B process is "kind of working" for Kayak, but is quick to point out one of the big limitations: "You only get one shot, once a year." Even successful applicants don't get their visas until the following October at the start of the next federal fiscal year, which makes the H-1B process a poor fit for immediate hiring needs. And given the stiff competition for visas -- again, USCIS took in 172,500 applications in six days before closing the window -- they're no sure thing.

"We cannot schedule when we run into an engineer we would love to hire," Zacharia said. "If we find someone next week, we're going to have to wait two years for that person to come to the US if we happen to find them abroad." The same constraint applies to students that need visa sponsorships to stay in the US post-graduation. Kayak's offices in Berlin, Lithuania, and elsewhere enable some hiring flexibility when it comes to non-US citizens, but ultimately there are some people Zacharia wants in the US headquarters. He noted that even successful visa applicants find themselves in a tough spot if they're married; their visa doesn't cover their working spouse. "The biggest part of our development team is in Boston," the CTO said. "The productivity is much higher if we can have people work in the same office."

Zacharia said Kayak's goal is to hire the best possible people regardless of where they're born or live. It's more than a nice sound bite: the Concord HQ's 120 employees speak 20 different languages. He's aware of the contentious discussion around H-1B visas but said he's never experienced any material pushback as a result of Kayak's participation in the system. Asked about the use of H-1B visas by outsourcing firms instead of direct employers, Zacharia said: "Obviously, from a very selfish perspective I would love all [H-1Bs] to go to individual employers like Kayak rather than outsourcing firms." He added another option not likely to happen any time soon given the political implications of immigration policy: eliminating the H-1B visa cap to let the free market decide the right number.

Zacharia expects Kayak's IT hiring needs to increase over time; his preference is to hire in Boston, but if the company can't find the right people eligible to work there, its German office will grow. In addition to current needs like mobile and analytics, he predicts back-end architecture talent will become tougher to find.

"It's a long-term problem. We would love to see more people educated in engineering and the sciences," both at the college and high school levels, Zacharia said. "We'd love to have more supply, obviously. These are high-paying jobs. There should be more people studying these specializations."

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Kevin Casey is a writer based in North Carolina who writes about technology for small and mid-size businesses. View Full Bio

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lastoneout
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lastoneout,
User Rank: Apprentice
4/15/2014 | 3:00:04 PM
Re: Telework?
this could be a fun conversation. :-)

I'm not impressed by any downtown. concord is nothing but expensive small shops for tourists.  locals generally go leave the town to spend most of their money.


yes, the commute sucks. all of the roads are jammed because of overflow from rt 2.

pubtran is better off absent than inadequate because if you have a broken pubtran system, it suck up resources and rationalization kicks in to justify the wasted time and expense. If you have nothing, you can at least figure out what's really needed and then make the case for spending the money. In small cities like Concord, the solution is probably going to be banning private cars in the city center and only allowing robot electric cars for on-demand transportation.
Lorna Garey
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Lorna Garey,
User Rank: Author
4/15/2014 | 2:45:18 PM
Re: Telework?
I grew up in the area, so believe me, I hear you on costs. The commute to Concord from just about anywhere is terrible as well.

It's a beautiful and historic city with a great downtown, so I get why you'd want to base your company there. But public transportation options are very limited, and I lack sympathy for companies that say they want the very best people for the job ... but only if they happen to live nearby or are willing to uproot their families or endure hours in the car.

Yahoo seems to have started the pendulum swinging back to demanding that IT professionals put in face time. Whether that's good or bad depends, I suppose.
lastoneout
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lastoneout,
User Rank: Apprentice
4/15/2014 | 2:15:49 PM
Re: Telework?
just fyi on concord pricing.  anything along rt2 or rt 3 out to 495 is over priced.  2 bedroom, 1000sqft apt is about $2500 in most of boston, $1800-$2000 in waltham, newton, woburn, $1200-$1500 in acton and $1000-$1200 in ayre.  I've been looking.  It is almost worth the 1.5hr commute to live in a more rural environment


to your point of telecommuting, rent/property prices will drive telecommuting, not environmental concerns. if your workers can't afford to live near to work, you need to find another way to make it possible for people to work with you.
Lorna Garey
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Lorna Garey,
User Rank: Author
4/15/2014 | 12:04:29 PM
Telework?
So by this: "his preference is to hire in Boston, but if the company can't find the right people eligible to work there, its German office will grow." 

I take it to mean, you work in a physical office. People who live in Chicago and want to work remotely need not apply? 

Concord and the surrounding areas are insanely expensive. Maybe that plays a part.
Laurianne
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Laurianne,
User Rank: Author
4/15/2014 | 11:51:06 AM
Your reaction?
Here is one company's perspective on the much-debated IT talent shortage. On the flip side, many IT pros maintain a shortage doesn't exist, that some HR departments are too picky and others simply don't want to pay veteran salaries. Readers, are you surprised he can't fill 12 slots in the talent-rich pool of people in the greater Boston area?
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2014 US Salary Survey: 10 Stats
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