re: U.S. Shelves H-1B Visa Talks With India
I can't speak accurately to other professions. Coming from the IT industry and being in this field for 20+ years, Indians are by far the greatest number of foreign workers. There are far too many of them.
As the story goes, they came to help us for the Y2K window - they started showing up around 1998 or so. They were to help - as companies needed some extra assistance to review applications and make code fixes etc. Somewhere along the line, the story changed. India built an IT temp worker industry around exploiting the H1B visa, and now there is a sense of entitlement to the share of the American IT market. Supporting evidence is the resistance and complaints to changes and modification to the visa program i.e increased fees. Running parallel to this, the temp workers began to regard themselves as 'immigrants' - when in reality, the H1B visa is a non-immigrant visa. More on this later.
As American corporations recognized the value in cheaper labor and easy to dismiss workers that they didn't have to provide benefits for, the indian bodyshops became successful and regarded this as a legitimate business model. In support, they began working the resumes, honest or not, to appeal to HR departments and fraudulent resumes became accepted practice. Bear in mind, here in the US as a citizen, you get fired if they find you lied on your resume.
Resistance from the veteran IT workers that built the industry from the ground up started to grow.
Recognizing that their business model was at risk and evidence began to mount surrounding the fraudulent practices, nepotism and corruption, the indian bodyshops began a propaganda campaign through NASSCOM. The program is designed to protect their model by claiming worker shortages, brain drain, inferior American skillsets and recently, the dire potential of these workers going home and the US will lose out on innovation. There are claims of globalization, and the world is flat and free trade... the spin goes on and on.
The temp workers organize and conspire to find ways to extend their stay in the US as 'immigrants' although it was known that there were no guarantees to citizenship when they set foot in this country - in such groups as immigration voice. They coordinate, as non-citizens, to lobby our politicians to pass bills to further their agenda to enable them to stay. This is where the term 'immigrant' ties to the alarming theory of potential innovation loss. There is an O-1 visa for truly gifted indviduals, and the H1B visa recipients are chosen by lottery. Referencing the number of H1B visas available every year, one has to question the true skillsets of so many people waiting to be chosen from the lottery.
With unemployment rates so high in the US, there is no reason to continue to utilize foreign temp workers. There isn't a shortage of workers, just a lack of willingness to pay Americans a fair wage to support their cost of living.