Spyware is an issue which has the potential to affect all Internet users. Studies suggest that the majority of computers connected to the Internet contain spyware of some sort. When Electronic Frontiers Australia Inc (EFA) recognized the seriousness of the problem that spyware poses, they cautions the government against legislative reforms specifically targeted at spyware. EFA consider that it would be more effective and more beneficial to increase the privacy rights of Australians generally, which as will be discussed further, are sorely lacking in an online environment.
The banking industry recognizes spyware as a significant threat to the security of financial transactions and to the perceived safety and security of the banking system. Banks are investing in major education, technology and process improvements programs to protect the interests of their customers and are working collaboratively with government and industry stakeholders to mitigate the risk of spyware. The structure of the Discussion Paper ABA response is given in this paper.
The Australian Consumers Association (ACA) is a not-for-profit, non-party-political organization established in 1959 to provide consumers with information and advice on goods, services, and health and personal finances. According to ACA Spyware is code that is installed and run on a computer without the knowledge of the owner and communicates data from that computer to another person for their possible use without authorization or consent. This paper offers a slightly different definition, not for the purposes of semantic correctness, but to capture some of the nuances they feel attach to the debate.
Spyware is a growing issue for organizations and consumers online. Adware/Spyware related security risks comprise nearly 20% of submissions made to Symantec Security Response research labs. Nine of the top ten reported spyware programs were bundled with other software. AOL/National Cyber Security Alliance (NCSA) Online Safety Study in the USA found that 80 percent of scanned computers actually had some form of spyware or adware present and Earthlink reports that a scan of 3 million computers systems over nine months found 83 million instances of spyware.
Internet has grown in popularity and convenience it is increasingly being used to shop, bank and conduct business online. Unfortunately, this technology is occasionally used for less beneficial and ethical purposes. Spyware poses a risk to business and individuals operating online because it is secretly installed on a computer and takes information and resources for someone elses benefit. There are many software programs that possess similar technical capabilities to spyware but are used for beneficial purposes. Unlike spyware, these programs are installed on a computer with the users knowledge for the users benefit, and not that of a third party.
Microsoft Australia believes that this Discussion Paper is very timely and appreciates the opportunity to put its views and experiences forward. Given the rapidly-increasing incidence of spyware, it is now among the most important IT/Internet security challenges confronting government, industry and consumers. For Microsofts part, spyware is seen as a first-tier issue affecting business and experience of those using products.
This paper from Commonwealth of Australia reviews literature relevant to team training in complex environments. While technological developments allow for training of higher-order cognitive skills in complex simulated environments, in absence of sound learning methodologies, training systems may not fully achieve their desired objectives. There are relatively few attempts in the literature that focus on how best to use technology to support effective training, and little research effort has involved the use of technology in the development of effective training programs for teams rather than individuals. The effectiveness of team training systems could be used to measure team performance.