Authored on: Jan 13, 2012
Download Infrastructures are often considered as large-scale projects best attempted by large entities: governments build roads and telecommunications companies provide phones. But historically, rural co-ops built roads, and farmers provided their own phones - although sometimes not very good ones. The paper employs empirical research on three case studies sampled for functional contrast (after Yin, 1994) across the areas of discovery, development, and provision. For network discovery, it analyzes Warchalking and Wi-Fi mapping as a low-tech, cooperative version of federated network discovery services like Boingo.