There is an “epic race” underway, according to Rick Perry, to unlock the power of artificial intelligence, and government and the private sector alike are trying to benefit.
The former Secretary of Energy spoke at The AI Summit in New York this week about his belief that the United States should pursue the leadership position in AI. He was one of many presenters at the Informa-sponsored conference, which included insights on getting past the hype surrounding AI.
During his speech, Perry said he saw opportunities for AI to enhance medical diagnoses and other applications that could affect people’s lives. “In the next few years we’re going to be able to see answers to questions that we’ve never been able to get to before,” he said. “We as a country are committed to expending the dollars, focusing on these artificial intelligence areas.”
Perry also said other nations are making deep investments in the pursuit of AI supremacy. “I promise you the Chinese and the Russians are spending massive amount of money,” he said. “The focus they have on this, there is no doubt who the competition is here.”
He warned about potentially nefarious uses of AI, such as foreign governments applying it to invade the privacy of citizens. Perry also said there are ways for AI to benefit humanity, such as running models to enhance the development of fusion energy. “These are places that we as a country need to be focused on so we can deliver this innovation around the world,” he said.
Some of the lofty expectations heaped on AI, though, can amount to smoke and mirrors. Jeff McMillan, chief analytics and data officer for Morgan Stanley Wealth Management, gave a speech that drilled down on ways for organizations to test the AI solutions being pitched to them.
The way certain vendors in Silicon Valley and elsewhere, he said, abruptly pivoted into AI providers is a cause for closer scrutiny. “Every company somehow transformed from a data management company or a workflow processing company to an AI company in one year,” McMillan said.
A healthy dose of disbelief can be crucial to identifying useful AI technology from unrealistic promises. “There’s no silver bullets,” McMillan said. “There’s no bots, no machine, or consultant that is going to independently solve this problem for you.”
Getting real value from AI requires a robust staff, leadership, compliance, and support across the organization, he said. AI also needs accurate, predictive data to work with, McMillan said, otherwise “it’s like buying a Ferrari and not having any gas.”
He offered this breakdown of AI considerations organizations should take to heart:
- “AI is not magic. It’s just math.” -- Finding means, medians, and standard deviations in data can provide value, he said. Train employees what a correlation coefficient is, how to interrogate data, and how to look at outliers.
- “Not everything is about machine learning.” -- Leverage experienced, traditional data scientists to discuss data with the business team.
- “In a controlled way, test everything you do.” -- If organizations do not, they risk leaving money on the table.
- “Ask vendors to show tangible results.” -- Be leery of vendors who push solutions they claim require very little input on the organization’s part. The idea that current AI actually “thinks” is a fallacy, according to McMillan. He warned of snake oil sellers who push the idea that plugging in data is the only thing companies need to do for AI to work. “They are either lying to you or they have absolutely no idea what they are talking about,” he said.