Spotify Now Rocks On Google's Cloud - InformationWeek

InformationWeek is part of the Informa Tech Division of Informa PLC

This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them.Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Registered in England and Wales. Number 8860726.

IoT
IoT
Cloud

Spotify Now Rocks On Google's Cloud

Despite early fears over public cloud security and uptime, large companies like Netflix and Spotify are increasingly embracing the notion of moving all their systems onto the public cloud. Here's why.

8 Reasons Cloud Email Is A Smart Move Now
8 Reasons Cloud Email Is A Smart Move Now
(Click image for larger view and slideshow.)

Lingering fears over public cloud security and uptime are dark clouds that are dissipating as an increasing number of large companies are willing to trust moving their entire systems over to the public cloud.

Streaming video provider Netflix and streaming music company Spotify are the latest enterprises to achieve or announce an all-in attitude toward public cloud computing. These two companies are part of a wider global movement toward public cloud services, which are expected to climb 19.4% at an annual rate over the next five years to more than $141 billion by 2019, according to an IDC study. The areas of public cloud that are growing the fastest are infrastructure-as-a-service and platform-as-a-service, IDC noted in its study.

Here's a look at why Spotify and Netflix are willing to put all their systems onto the public cloud.

Spotify announced Tuesday it was teaming up with Google Cloud Platform to handle its platform infrastructure "everywhere."

That move will take it away from its traditional approach of buying or leasing data centers and related equipment, the company noted. "Like good, lazy engineers, we occasionally asked ourselves: 'Do we really need to do all this stuff?'" Nicholas Harteau, vice president of engineering and infrastructure at Spotify, asked in a statement.

(Image: Andrey Prokhorov/iStockphoto)

(Image: Andrey Prokhorov/iStockphoto)

Spotify made the decision to move its core computing infrastructure to the public cloud after discovering it could store, compute, and receive network services at a low-cost and a high performance level, compared with its traditional method. But one thing that will make the platform transition even sweeter, noted Spotify's Harteau, is that Google's data platform and tools will give the company a significant advantage with such offerings as Google's "nearly magical abilities of BigQuery."

Spotify, according to a Wall Street Journal report, will let Google handle its core computing infrastructure, but will still use Amazon Web Services (AWS) for storing its music files and delivering streaming music to particular customers in remote locations.

Netflix, which began moving its system onto the cloud in 2008, announced earlier this week that it has finally completed the last bits of its public cloud migration.

Netflix, like Spotify, turned to cloud computing as a means to scale its operations quickly to handle rapid growth in its users, markets, the need for storage, and ability to add new features to the service.

[Read Google Cloud Vision API Gives Glimpse Into AI, Machine Learning.]

"Elasticity of the cloud allows us to add thousands of virtual servers and petabytes of storage within minutes, making such an expansion possible," said Yury Izrailevsky, vice president of Netflix's cloud and platform engineering, in a statement.

One step that Netflix has taken that may be less common for other enterprises moving all their systems to AWS is that it chose to take a native-cloud approach. Izrailevsky explained it this way:

Arguably, the easiest way to move to the cloud is to forklift all of the systems, unchanged, out of the data center and drop them in AWS. But in doing so, you end up moving all the problems and limitations of the data center along with it. Instead, we chose the cloud-native approach, rebuilding virtually all of our technology and fundamentally changing the way we operate the company.

Architecturally, we migrated from a monolithic app to hundreds of micro-services, and denormalized and our data model, using NoSQL databases. Budget approvals, centralized release coordination and multi-week hardware provisioning cycles made way to continuous delivery, engineering teams making independent decisions using self-service tools in a loosely coupled DevOps environment, helping accelerate innovation.

Many new systems had to be built, and new skills learned. It took time and effort to transform Netflix into a cloud-native company, but it put us in a much better position to continue to grow and become a global TV network.

He noted moving to the cloud also had the benefit of dramatically reducing expenses, resulting in the cloud costs per stream being only a "fraction" of what Netflix would have had to pay with a data center. 

Although Netflix has encountered downtime using AWS, a situation that most enterprises will likely encounter at some point using a cloud service for a sizable distributed system, Netflix has also worked to mitigate the impact of downtime.

The streaming video company follows the principals of redundancy by using redundant components and "graceful degradation" in its architecture. It's also religious in conducting regular production drills, Izrailevsky said.

Does your company offer the most rewarding place to work in IT? Do you know of an organization that stands out from the pack when it comes to how IT workers are treated? Make your voice heard. Submit your entry now for InformationWeek's People's Choice Award. Full details and a submission form can be found here.

Dawn Kawamoto is an Associate Editor for Dark Reading, where she covers cybersecurity news and trends. She is an award-winning journalist who has written and edited technology, management, leadership, career, finance, and innovation stories for such publications as CNET's ... View Full Bio

We welcome your comments on this topic on our social media channels, or [contact us directly] with questions about the site.
Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
PedroGonzales
50%
50%
PedroGonzales,
User Rank: Ninja
2/25/2016 | 12:09:29 PM
Re: Are you digitize-able too?
@ Charlie.  For some industries the shift to all cloud services makes a lot of since.   If more companies produce such services, these leaders could also become mentors and shift more companies to such type of environment.  May be startups can do that, but they may not have the expertise.
Whoopty
50%
50%
Whoopty,
User Rank: Ninja
2/25/2016 | 6:52:58 AM
Fine for streaming...
I don't see much of a problem with public-cloud usage for services like these, where the media - although copyright protected - is not sensitive or personal to anyone. It's less attractive for more business sensitive information or personal data I feel though. For that I'd rather it was stored in a more protected, less accessible location. 
Charlie Babcock
50%
50%
Charlie Babcock,
User Rank: Author
2/24/2016 | 8:20:31 PM
Are you digitize-able too?
Spotify, like Netflix, has the luxury of offering a product that is completely digital and highly adaptible to operations in the cloud. In a sense, it is a single large application. Not everyone has a product or operation or company that is so digitize-able.
Slideshows
9 Steps Toward Ethical AI
Cynthia Harvey, Freelance Journalist, InformationWeek,  5/15/2019
Commentary
How to Assess Digital Transformation Efforts
Lisa Morgan, Freelance Writer,  5/14/2019
Commentary
Is AutoML the Answer to the Data Science Skills Shortage?
Guest Commentary, Guest Commentary,  5/10/2019
White Papers
Register for InformationWeek Newsletters
2018 State of the Cloud
2018 State of the Cloud
Cloud adoption is growing, but how are organizations taking advantage of it? Interop ITX and InformationWeek surveyed technology decision-makers to find out, read this report to discover what they had to say!
Video
Current Issue
A New World of IT Management in 2019
This IT Trend Report highlights how several years of developments in technology and business strategies have led to a subsequent wave of changes in the role of an IT organization, how CIOs and other IT leaders approach management, in addition to the jobs of many IT professionals up and down the org chart.
Slideshows
Flash Poll