Data sovereignty is so important to businesses that 70% would trade cloud performance for more data control, research says. Where does that leave the post-Snowden US cloud market?
Business attitudes toward the cloud have changed a lot in recent years, but one thing has not: cloud's growth within small businesses, and now larger enterprises, as a standard component of IT operations. The cloud's continued growth is inevitable, because it's one of the best opportunities for organizations to achieve greater IT flexibility, cost efficiency, and value from their data. This year alone, the global cloud market is set to grow more than 126%, according to GigaOm Research.
Yet, despite the prospects for growth, there's room for doubt that the US will dominate the global cloud market. The NSA snooping revelations that broke during last year's "Summer of Snowden" stoked fears around security, compliance, and privacy in the cloud, particularly for businesses in highly regulated industries, and in countries with strict data privacy laws.
When Forrester analyst James Staten notoriously projected last August that the US cloud market would miss out on $180 billion in revenue by 2016 as a result of NSA concerns, people in all corners of the tech industry sat up and listened. Since then, unlikely dissidents, including Google, Microsoft, and Facebook, have made their case to the US government that NSA surveillance needs to be curtailed, or it could seriously hurt their business.
Saber rattling aside, one has to wonder: Just how doomed is the US cloud market? And should government agencies, including the NSA, be concerned?
Unfortunately, the threat to the US cloud market, due to worries about government surveillance, looks real. Non-US businesses are increasingly concerned about the privacy and security of their (and their customers') data. In fact, a recent survey from ResearchNow, commissioned by Peer 1 Hosting, showed 25% of UK and Canadian businesses plan to pull company data out of the US in 2014 as a result of the NSA revelations. The survey also found that most companies are thinking differently about the location of their data post-Snowden: 82% said privacy laws are a top concern for them when choosing where to store data, and 81% want to know exactly where their data is being hosted.
Wariness about US data laws is not a new thing. Many European and Canadian companies have avoided hosting data in the US since the USA Patriot Act in the early 2000s, which permitted the government to inspect data on any servers in the US, even if the data was owned by non-US customers. European companies' concerns around the Patriot Act grew so strong by 2011 that it began to hamper the growth of the cloud industry in Europe, as service providers in France, Germany, and elsewhere limited their customer base by "walling off" their clouds from North America. In fact, an Informa report revealed that European providers accounted for just 7% of carrier cloud investments worldwide in 2011.
Such nuances of the global cloud market used to seem like "somebody else's problem" to US government agencies. But now, with the Snowden leaks confirming data privacy concerns, hesitance to store data in the US may actually boost the growth of the cloud industry in Europe and Canada, to the detriment of the US economy, as customers seek ways to keep their information as far from the NSA as possible.
The data sovereignty issue is in fact so important that 70% of the businesses surveyed by ResearchNow would give up some level of performance to ensure they have control over their data. It's not unreasonable to assume European cloud upstarts can snatch some of their business.
Meanwhile, US government policy mandates have called federal CIOs and other IT executives to adopt cloud technologies, beginning with the Federal Cloud Computing Initiative (FCCI) launched five years ago. The intent of the FCCI was to cut IT costs for federal agencies, but if the number of US cloud vendors begins to dwindle post-Snowden, it could mean government IT
Ben Young is General Legal Counsel at Peer 1 Hosting, where he defends, protects, and enforces Peer 1's legal and business interests, identifies risks, and finds the right solutions to mitigate them. View Full Bio
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