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John Foley
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Image Gallery: Who's Who In U.S. Intelligence

The U.S. Intelligence Community comprises 17 federal agencies and departments that gather, analyze, and share information for national security and defense, foreign relations, law enforcement, and other purposes.

The Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Agency is one of 17 agencies and organizations comprising the U.S. Intelligence Community. Air Force Intelligence, as it's also known, develops ISR capabilities for air, space, and cyberspace. Global Hawk, pictured here at an undisclosed location in southwest Asia, is a high-altitude, unmanned aircraft with a sensor suite on-board for intelligence gathering. (Photo: U.S. Air Force)

U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command, a.k.a. Army Intelligence, conducts intelligence and security operations for military commanders and national decision makers. Army Intelligence comprises a dozen or so units around the world, including the National Ground Intelligence Center, which provides ground forces intelligence to the Department of Defense.

The Central Intelligence Agency provides national security intelligence to top U.S. government officials and other policy makers. The CIA is organized into four major divisions, once of which conducts clandestine operations and another, the Directorate of Science and Technology, that develops and operates intelligence collection and advanced analysis systems. The CIA's headquarters, pictured here, is in Langley, Va. (Photo: CIA)

U.S. Coast Guard officers monitor the Automatic Identification System at the Maritime Intelligence Fusion Center in Virginia Beach, Va. The AIS tracks the position, course, speed, and other information of commercial ships weighing 300 or more gross tons. The Coast Guard is a division of Homeland Security, and Coast Guard Intelligence is a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community. (Photo: U.S. Coast Guard.)

Acting on intelligence provided by the Drug Enforcement Agency, the Coast Guard seized more than 17 metric tons of cocaine from Mexican drug cartels, at the time the largest maritime seizure of cocaine in the world. The DEA is part of the U.S. Intelligence Community.

The Department of Defense's Defense Intelligence Agency produces and manages intelligence on foreign militaries. DIA's major facilities include the Defense Intelligence Analysis Center in Washington, D.C. (pictured), the National Center for Medical Intelligence, and the Missile and Space Intelligence Center.

The Department of Energy's role in national security includes ensuring the safety of the country's nuclear weapons and nuclear power plants. Energy's intelligence and counterterrorism team helps protect nuclear weapons secrets and other sensitive scientific R&D. Energy is headquartered in the Forrestal Building in Washington, D.C.

The Department of Homeland Security is constructing a new headquarters in Washington, D.C., at the site of St. Elizabeth's Hospital, a former psychiatric institution. Among Homeland Security's various "component" organizations are Customs and Border Protection, the Transportation Security Administration, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the Coast Guard, and the Secret Service. (Photo: wageslaves, Creative Commons)

Lt. Gen. Ronald Burgess is director of the Defense Intelligence Agency. DIA has more than 16,000 military and civilian employees, and 2011 will mark the 40th anniversary of the agency's founding.

Air Force veteran James Clapper is director of national intelligence. The Office of the Director of National Intelligence was formed in 2005 to coordinate the efforts of the 17-member U.S. Intelligence Community. The director serves as the head of the U.S. Intelligence Community and advises the President, the National Security Council, and the Homeland Security Council on matters of national security.

The FBI's Directorate of Intelligence spearheads the agency's intelligence efforts, including its criminal, cyber, and counterterrorism investigative operations. Within the Directorate, field intelligence groups are comprised of intelligence analysts, language analysts, surveillance experts, and special agents.

Marine Corps Intelligence represents the U.S. Marine Corps in the U.S. Intelligence Community. Among its specialties are geospatial intelligence, signals intelligence, human intelligence, measurements, and signatures intelligence, and counterintelligence. Aircraft like this Shadow drone support the Marine's intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance work.

The National Maritime Intelligence Center is headquarters to the Office of Naval Intelligence, another of the agencies in the U.S. Intelligence Community. The Office of Naval Intelligence was established in 1882 in a push to modernize the U.S. Navy. The department produces maritime intelligence around terrorism, weapons and technology proliferation, narcotics, and smuggling activities for use by the Navy and federal government.

The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency analyzes imagery and other information related to the geography and physical features of Earth. In addition to providing intelligence to the Department of Defense, NGA generates visual information on floods, earthquakes, and other natural disasters for use in relief efforts. A new headquarters is under construction in Fort Belvoir, Va. (Photo: U.S. Army Corp of Engineers)

The National Reconnaissance Office designs, builds, and operates satellites that produce "overhead reconnaissance," or detailed photographic images, signals intelligence, and other data from space for national security purposes. Much of that content is classified, though NRO did open its Corona database of satellite images for public access. (Photo: U.S. Air Force)

Lt. Gen. Keith Alexander is director of the National Security Agency and chief of the affiliated Central Security Service. Alexander was formerly deputy chief of staff in U.S. Army headquarters, commanding general of the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command, and director of intelligence for U.S. Central Command.

The National Security Agency's headquarters is located in Fort Meade, Maryland. NSA and the related Central Security Service use cryptology to produce foreign signals intelligence for use by the U.S. military, federal agencies, and some foreign allies. NSA describes itself as home to America's "code makers and code breakers."

The State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research generates intelligence in support of U.S. diplomatic efforts. Within the Bureau, a Humanitarian Information Unit collects and shares information related to emergencies around the world. Among its other work, the Bureau analyzes information related to international boundary issues.

Stuart Levey is under secretary for terrorism and financial intelligence with the Department of Treasury. Levey oversees Treasury's Office of Terrorist Finance and Financial Crime, Office of Intelligence and Analysis, Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, and Office of Foreign Assets Control. In December 2009, the Office of Foreign Assets Control announced a $217 million settlement with Lloyds TSB Bank related to "apparent violations" of Treasury regulations.

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