Over the last three years, the focus of the Emetrics Summit an executive forum on measuring Web site success has gone through three major phases. First, it simply sought to define "Web analytics," next it focused on instruction, and finally it has come to concentrate on solving business problems.
"This year the focus was markedly different," says Jim Sterne, CEO of Target Marketing and founder of the forum. "Vendors now have multiple methods of capturing customer data and we are starting to see how we can make all this information work for us."
Terry Lund, a Web site strategist in attendance, says, "Web analytics (better intelligence) can now deliver the relevant information to support stated business goals and objectives, but the key is to relate the Web metrics to the corresponding elements of the business value creation model." One area where Web analytics can give direct data about customer value, for example, is the recency and frequency of visits to a Web site.
Web Analytics ToolKit
Types of analysis you may need and a selection of relevant vendors
Clickstream analysis (with reporting)
Web site performance & navigational analysis
Search engine optimization/marketing
Email campaign reporting & management
Surveys & satisfaction
Clickstream and offline reporting integration
Ad management reporting
Brand protection/monitoring (RSS Feeds, Multimedia)
Enterprise search analytics
But not all of the news from Emetrics was about what's new. "What many businesses find surprising is that the 'old' ideas of direct marketing work just as well in this new era of online marketing," says Jim Novo, author of Drilling Down: Turning Customer Data Into Profits With a Spreadsheet (Booklocker.com, 2001). "When [customers are] in control of [their] actions as they are when they can take action any time they want to, 24 hours a day seven days a week the old models used in direct marketing to predict response and customer value end up being even more accurate," says Novo. "As friction is reduced because they are more in control, their behavior becomes more predictable."
A customer behavior analysis expert since 1997, Novo was the former VP of programming and marketing at the Home Shopping Network. His system of measuring a customer's potential value by tracking the recency and frequency of visits both easily accessible through Web logs provides a way to calculate the potential value of visitors to the site.
Recency is defined as the time elapsed since the last visit, purchase, or action taken on the Web site and frequency is how often someone visits. The more recently a customer engaged in an action, the more likely that customer is to repeat that action. And customers who are more likely to repeat an action respond to marketing or service offers at a higher rate.
"If it becomes easier and less time consuming to accomplish the same task on the Web, they become more likely to follow through and complete the action," explains Novo. "These metrics are a way to track and manage these 'likelihood to act' ideas at the individual customer or customer segment level."
These metrics have been used successfully offline for decades, and they work even better when profiling online behavior. Because customers in different stages respond to offers differently, it also becomes a way to gauge how to segment marketing activities and email campaigns.
Sally Falkow is a Web content strategist and can be reached through www.falkowinc.com.