Weaponized Drones Approved For North Dakota Police - InformationWeek
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8/28/2015
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Weaponized Drones Approved For North Dakota Police

A bill in North Dakota will allow non-lethal weapons on police drones. Nothing to fear here, move along.

Drones: 10 Novel Uses For Your City
Drones: 10 Novel Uses For Your City
(Click image for larger view and slideshow.)

Don't tase me, drone! We might soon hear that shout throughout North Dakota. In a strange bit of political maneuvering, a bill aimed at making sure that police didn't put weapons on drones turned into a bill that accomplished exactly the opposite. North Dakota police can now put Tasers, pepper spray, and all types of non-lethal weapons on their drones.

Let's face it. It was only a matter of time. Since the military drone program was made public, drone sales have gone through the roof for government and private sector use. Numbers are difficult to pin down, because the word drone can mean anything from a fully loaded military fighter jet with anti-aircraft missiles and bunker buster bombs to the toy quad-copter you bought your kid for Christmas. 

Drone expert Chris Anderson puts the number at half a million in 2014. Chances are, sometime this year, the number of drones in the US will surpass the number of people living in North Dakota.

Police in India have already equipped drones with pepper spray for riot control, so this isn't even the first weaponized police drone. Should we care anymore? Is this the natural evolution of the drone?

(Image: Brigadier Lance Mans via Wikipedia)

(Image: Brigadier Lance Mans via Wikipedia)

A lot of it depends on what you think of police in general. After all, there's a cop on the other side of every drone who is deciding whether or not to pull the trigger.

[ People do seem to really like drones. Read Drone Study Shows Consumers Are Ready. ]

There are some disturbing questions regarding how an officer might choose to use a service weapon in the field rather than deploy a drone while safely out of harm's way. Will an officer who is out of danger watching a scene unfold on video be more likely to fire because he or she won't think of potential targets as real people? Or is an officer who is not in danger better equipped to make a dispassionate decision than an officer who may feel threatened in the field? Whether to shoot or not is the hardest decision a police officer has to make.

Military bomber pilots push a button from 30,000 feet in the air and see explosions. Military drone pilots sometimes get a more personal look at who they shoot, because they often kill specific targets they're seeing via camera. Military drone pilots speak of spending weeks circling the home of a high-value target, watching the person talk to friends, eat meals, have relations with their spouses, and even go to the bathroom. It is a strange intimacy with someone you might end up attacking. It is likely police drone pilots would get similar views into hostage situations and other standoffs.

The most important things to know about drone operators? They will work endless hours and they're called into every dangerous situation. If the police can use a drone to stay out of danger -- they will. That means the a drone operator may be called on to make the first decision -- whether or not to fire whatever weapon the drone is armed with. Otherwise they might be constantly following orders from others about when to fire. In the process, they will see into the homes of suspects, watch their daily lives, and decide if they are threats. They will make a decision to take someone down in the name of protecting an officer or a civilian.

They'll do it over long hours. Even the military can't train enough pilots. More pilots are quitting each year than graduating from training. The work is hours of boredom followed by minutes of agonizing stress.

When we decide to put a Taser on a drone, we're actually putting the Taser in the hands of someone going through all of the associated overwork, boredom, stress, and potential dissociation from the target. It changes the equation.

At the same time, the decision might have been made for us. A "civilian" has already put a handgun on a drone, and it was ruled that he didn't break the law. The world's first police firefight from drone to drone is inevitable. Once it happens lawmakers will be under more pressure than ever to weaponize drones further. It isn't unlike when the car and the machine gun turned bank robbers into folk heroes and villains in the 1920s.

The weaponized drone is here. The only question is how we feel about it, and what to do.

David has been writing on business and technology for over 10 years and was most recently Managing Editor at Enterpriseefficiency.com. Before that he was an Assistant Editor at MIT Sloan Management Review, where he covered a wide range of business topics including IT, ... View Full Bio

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PedroGonzales
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PedroGonzales,
User Rank: Ninja
9/4/2015 | 4:02:25 PM
Re: Alarming
Yes, drones could be used for intelligences gathering, surveillance.  Drones could support police agencies in other areas not just shooting.  I would really like to see how police agencies are using new technologies to help them improve their current process and activities.  Sure, body cameras are good, but i'm sure there are other things that could make police work more efficient.   
mbowler957
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mbowler957,
User Rank: Apprentice
8/31/2015 | 5:14:32 PM
Re: Alarming
@SunitaT0: Legalizing drugs would be better way to destroy drug cartels. Bankrupt them.

How many liquor smugglers were around after the Volstead Act was repealed? None.

Just sayin...
StaceyE
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StaceyE,
User Rank: Ninja
8/31/2015 | 3:17:57 PM
Re: Alarming
I ahrew with you david. Id rather have the guy controlling the drone pepper spray or taze me than an officer accidentally shoot me with his service pistol because he meant to grab his tazer...
zerox203
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zerox203,
User Rank: Ninja
8/31/2015 | 9:18:54 AM
Re: Weaponized Drones Approved For North Dakota Police
I just mentioned in the comments of your 3D-printed-fish article how 3D printing could be the 'next' regulatory nightmare after drones, but let's not forget... this regulatory nightmare is still ongoing. People's privacy being violated is nothing compared to the issues on the table here. Some recent laws say that drone operators have to remain in visual range of the drone, which cuts out a lot of the gray area... but how do you enforce that? Can police really track down operators who aren't following this? Do they have the manpower to chase every drone down (considering most of them are harmless)? No shortage of tough questions here.
SunitaT0
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50%
SunitaT0,
User Rank: Ninja
8/30/2015 | 2:46:56 PM
Re: Alarming
@yalanand: yes drones can be hacked, but the worst case scenario would be when somebody is pointing a gun at you in a hostage situation and there is no drone to put him down.
SunitaT0
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50%
SunitaT0,
User Rank: Ninja
8/30/2015 | 2:45:31 PM
Re: Alarming
@David: like infiltrating a high value target's lair, which would be overly guarded. Drones would be useful in destroying drug cartels.
SunitaT0
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50%
SunitaT0,
User Rank: Ninja
8/30/2015 | 2:43:39 PM
Re: Alarming
While I was in Detroit, I had a really bad experience with an officer of law. There was some unrest, people were protesting something, I was at a diner and suddenly I saw the policeman beside me cocked his gun and went outside to see what the commotion was about. He came in when he saw it was a peaceful protest, did not holster the gun, put it down beside me and kept munching his sandwich. I had never seen a gun before and I was shivering at the thought of how this cocked gun would go off and kill me. I had to ask the lawman to holster it because it was freaking me out.
SunitaT0
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50%
SunitaT0,
User Rank: Ninja
8/30/2015 | 2:39:48 PM
Re: Alarming
I think there should be gun control laws imposed on the public. Some businesses would be damaged, true, but mugging and murders would be lessened.
PedroGonzales
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50%
PedroGonzales,
User Rank: Ninja
8/29/2015 | 1:43:08 PM
Re: Alarming
I wouldn't like for drones to be in the hands of people who are stressed out and bored.  I bet police departments will be held liable if their drones harm innocent people's life. I agree with you David, if there is a situation where an officer's life will put his life in danger, then our drone police force will go into action.       
David Wagner
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David Wagner,
User Rank: Strategist
8/28/2015 | 3:51:11 PM
Re: Alarming
@impactnow- Right. if used properly, they should only be used in situations where an officer is not the best option. But we've seen technology misused before.
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