IBM's massive expansion plans in India run head-first into the biggest problem facing the country's IT industry: people.
IBM added 16,000 workers in India last year to bring its workforce there to 39,000, and it expects a similar increase this year. Local rivals such as Tata Consultancy Services and Infosys are adding thousands of workers a quarter.
Indian universities crank out 400,000 engineering and computer science grads a year, but that doesn't mean they're ready to solve complex business problems. Only a quarter "are suitable on an as-is basis," says Kiran Karnik, president of India's National Association of Software and Service Companies. The rest have subpar technical skills, have a poor command of English, or are unwilling to relocate to India's tech centers. Even factoring in 15% growth to the 100,000 qualified grads produced each year, "if we stick at that number, it's going to be a constraint," he says. Nasscom predicts a shortage of half a million IT workers by 2010.
To find enough business-savvy IT pros, IBM will have to lure back more of India's expatriates. It's already happening. Harish Grama, a VP in charge of IBM's India software lab, which works on WebSphere, DB2, Lotus, and other products, returned to India a little more than a year ago after a dozen years with IBM in the United States, including in Silicon Valley. IBM India strategy director Inderpreet Thukral returned to his home country after more than a dozen years in Austin, Texas, and other IBM offices in the States.
Siddharth Purohit, who moved from Dallas to Bangalore in December to be a chief architect at what will be one of IBM's key global development centers, says his family welcomed the move. He and his wife are Indian, and even his U.S.-born 6-year-old daughter is sold on her new surroundings. Says Purohit, "She definitely doesn't want to go back to Texas."
2018 State of the CloudCloud adoption is growing, but how are organizations taking advantage of it? Interop ITX and InformationWeek surveyed technology decision-makers to find out, read this report to discover what they had to say!
Infographic: The State of DevOps in 2017Is DevOps helping organizations reduce costs and time-to-market for software releases? What's getting in the way of DevOps adoption? Find out in this InformationWeek and Interop ITX infographic on the state of DevOps in 2017.
A New World of IT Management in 2019This IT Trend Report highlights how several years of developments in technology and business strategies have led to a subsequent wave of changes in the role of an IT organization, how CIOs and other IT leaders approach management, in addition to the jobs of many IT professionals up and down the org chart.