06:14 PM
Bob Evans
Bob Evans

Global CIO: HP CEO Apotheker Is Betting The Farm

Leo Apotheker's silence has raised lots of uncertainty about HP, but he says a March 14 event will make everything clear. He'd better be right.

HP's new CEO, Leo Apotheker, has said he will make the company's products cooler than Apple's.

HP's new CEO has said the company's future is centered on the cloud and connectivity.

HP's new CEO has said the problems with slumping PC sales and IT services have been addressed and will not recur.

HP's new CEO has said the company is primed for growth.

And HP's CEO has said that on March 14th, he will roll out his grand vision for HP.

In aggregate, what Apotheker's said hasn't been bad—it's mostly been fluffy and airy and utterly lacking in specifics while he toured the globe to speak with customers and employees. But not bad.

Rather, it's what Apotheker hasn't said that is cause for concern about the world's biggest IT company, whose first-quarter revenue miss triggered an aggressive sell-off of HP stock, which fell more than 10% as investors showed they don't know exactly what to make of the company.

Which brings us to this big March 14th "strategy summit," at which Apotheker will apparently lay it all out.

I have no doubt that HP will put on a very professional and engaging event. But that aside, Apotheker's presentation had better be not just good, but astonishingly good—riveting, visionary, convincing, detailed, and brimming with conviction. In short, all of the qualities that have been lacking from HP over the 7+ months that will have passed since it ousted former CEO Mark Hurd in August of last year.

(For extensive analyses of HP and its strategy, please check out our "Recommended Reading" list at the end of this column.)

In the self-created vacuum, others have stepped up to point out what they feel are HP's shortcomings:

IBM CEO Sam Palmisano said the HP made a big mistake by not investing enough in R&D over the past several years, and the resulting lack of innovative products is the result.

Oracle CEO Larry Ellison said HP's high-end systems are slow and brittle and simply unable to meet customers' needs, and that Oracle is going to very specifically "go after" HP in the marketplace.

Dell's turning up the heat in the corporate PC marketplace, and Lenovo's going to try to exploit the consumer-PC softness that was a big problem for HP last quarter.

Even HP's recent acquisition of Vertica, which gives the company a foothold in the analytics and Big Data sectors, has raised more questions than it answers since Vertica is only a portion of what HP needs to become a legitimate broad-based player in that very hot market.

And in Tuesday's earnings call, Apotheker seemed unwilling or unable to reply to skeptical questions from analysts. That is absolutely, positively Apotheker's right—he's free to answer (or not answer) analysts' questions any way he wants.

But in return, those analysts are left with the same concerns they had before, the same vagueness about who HP is and what it intends to become. Here area few telling examples:

1) Tony Sacconaghi of Sanford Bernstein, who always asks some of the most-probing questions on these calls, said the HP presentation "sounded like China was down pretty materially" and "you're the only company that I know of whose Asia growth rate was slower than its overall company growth rate," according to the earnings-call transcript on He than asked about the dynamics behind that, and here's a very representative excerpt from Apotheker's answer: "We are not yet where we want to be, but we are cautiously optimistic about the actions we have been taking in China. It’s a big market. It’s a very important market. And we are very much focused in getting it right."

2) Keith Bachmann of Bank of Montreal noted that HP's quarterly revenue fell $2 billion short of the projection made the company itself made just 70 days earlier. Bachmann noted he was "surprised to hear some of the outlook difference comes from the services side." Apotheker's responded in part: " Let's be very clear about this. What happened in the revenues in Q1 is exactly what we have just described." Apotheker then went on to give details from other areas of HP about which Bachmann had not asked. Apotheker also said, "In Q1, we had a number of significant issues that we had to address. We have addressed them. Our portfolio is much stronger going forward."

That answer clearly satisfied Apotheker, but I'll bet it raised even more questions in the mind of the analyst, just as the non-answer to the previous question about China had done.

3) Maynard Um of UBS then asked about any competitive impact caused by Cisco and Oracle, specifically asking about any variations in pricing or pipelines or related effects. Apotheker pretty much ignored the question and recapped HP's performance in services, servers, storage, and networking.

Lots of CEOs do just what Apotheker and decline to specifically discuss competitors. But it seems Apotheker missed a perfect opportunity to give at least a hint about how HP's robust networking business beat Cisco on some big deals, or how Oracle talks too much, or how HP's Converged Infrastructure strategy will let it continue to beat those rivals.

Instead, he let the uncertainty take root.

Once again, it wasn't so much what he said, but what he didn't say.

And that lack of clarity and specificity was not lost on the analyst community. Jason Maynard of Wells Fargo made this observation in a research note about HP's numbers: "HP results and guidance were disappointing and raise questions about their ability to achieve the full year forecast. If we dissect the Q1 performance and the guidance, HP has cut their Q2 outlook but left intact their 2H revenue and margin assumptions. With the weakness in both PSG and IT services, we think the implied improvement in the back half of the year is aggressive. We are a little surprised that HP didn’t take the opportunity to reset the bar since it will take some time for webOS to offset consumer PC weakness and for services to regain their footing."

Apotheker is apparently banking that such short-term uncertainty will all be converted to long-term confidence as a result of the March 14 pow-wow, which he described thusly: "I’ll go over HP's strategy and how it will continue to evolve. I’ll talk about the opportunities we see in a more seamlessly connected world from the enterprise to the consumer, leveraging our strength in cloud and connectivity, and the portfolio of hardware, services, software, and solutions we need to make that happen."

Hey—the guy's only been in office for a few months. And yes, HP's not a simple story to tell—it is, after all, the largest IT company in the world, with annual revenue of around $130 billion.

But with this week's disappointing financial results and the consequent pounding of the stock price, and with Apotheker's vague responses to detailed inquiries from analysts, HP and its new CEO are now raising many more questions than they're answering.

Not to worry, says Apotheker; all will be made clear on March 14.

In making that play, Apotheker and HP have imbued that event with monumental significance—and expectations. If they nail it, they can generate significant momentum in the market and among investors, and Apotheker will deservedly see his credibility soar.

But if they miss, Apotheker and HP will face withering scrutiny for many months to come. And they'll have no one but themselves to blame.


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GlobalCIO Bob Evans is senior VP and director of InformationWeek's Global CIO unit.

To find out more about Bob Evans, please visit his page.

For more Global CIO perspectives, check out Global CIO,
or write to Bob at [email protected].

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