Data Scientist: STEM Boys Club Open To Women - InformationWeek

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Data Scientist: STEM Boys Club Open To Women

Data scientist Laurie Skelly says STEM is still largely a boy's club, but that's changing.

12 STEM Resources For Young Women
12 STEM Resources For Young Women
(Click image for larger view and slideshow.)

It’s an established fact that women are underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) professions, although gender ratios vary considerably by field. For instance, female scientists and engineers are concentrated in the social sciences (58%) and biological and medical sciences (48%), but have a relatively low participation rate in engineering (13%) and computer and mathematical sciences (25%), according to 2014 data from the National Science Foundation (NSF).

So what’s it like being a woman in data science?

InformationWeek asked Laurie Skelly, a data scientist with Datascope Analytics, a Chicago-based data science and design company. Skelly started at Datascope two years ago, a few months after receiving her PhD in integrative neuroscience from the University of Chicago.

Skelly acknowledges there are far fewer women than men in her profession, but says the situation is improving. At Datascope, about 30% of the data scientists are women, she estimates.

Data science is often referred to as a male-dominated profession, a term that makes Skelly bristle. While the male-female ratio in data science is far from 50-50, the overall atmosphere is one of "inclusion," at least in her experiences.

Laurie Skelly, PhD

Laurie Skelly, PhD

"Are there more men than women in the field? Yes. But I wouldn't say 'male-dominated' because that carries a quantitative connotation as well as a power-based connotation," said Skelly in a phone interview with InformationWeek. "There are more men than women in my company, but at events I go to, I haven't at any time felt like a second-class citizen."

The term "data scientist" is somewhat vague, of course, and can encompass a variety of roles. Depending on the role, the gender ratio may vary considerably. Some organizations, for instance, may consider a data engineer -- one who sets up systems and processes that others use to work with data -- as either a data scientist or as part of a data science team.

In Skelly's experience, data engineers are overwhelmingly male. "I think there are lots more men in that field, probably from the underlying IT pipeline," she said.

But in other data science professions, the gender ratio is more balanced, including "the kind of data scientist that I am, where I'm involved in problem-solving with clients … or with management to find a solution," she noted.

Although more women are joining the science and engineering workforce, their percentages are actually declining in some STEM fields.

"In all fields except computer and mathematical sciences, the proportion of women in the workforce with associated highest degrees has been increasing over the past two decades. In computer and mathematical sciences, this proportion has declined even as the number of women with a highest degree in the field has risen," according to 2014 NSF report on women and minorities in STEM fields.

Hard work pays

What advice does Skelly have for young women aspiring to become data scientists?

"Be exactly who you are, and work hard," she said.

Obvious advice? Not necessarily.

Skelly shared a story about being one of the judges last year in an engineering design competition for the freshman class at Northwestern University.

"It was a long and boring ceremony, and I'm watching the women in the audience," said Skelly. "My girl-brain clicked in a little bit, and I was [thinking], 'What are you doing on your cell phone?' and 'Why is your skirt so short?' and 'Are you really chewing gum right now?'"

(Image source:  Woodleywonderworks via flickr)

(Image source: Woodleywonderworks via flickr)

In short, she found herself judging the female students, which she had no intention of doing.

"All of a sudden, it hit me that I was looking at 18-year-old women, and it was a totally different experience from when I was at college," Skelly said. "I wouldn't have guessed that this was the engineering class. They were college freshman girls, and they were comfortable with who they were … and I was so awed by the fact that they could do that. In my experience, I was hyper-aware of being female in a male environment."

[Did you hire the wrong person? Read this story to see what you can do.]

She continued: "I don’t know if this sounds as revolutionary to anyone else as it does to me, but it really helped me with a lot of things. I've had a lot of dumb ideas in the past two years: Should I change my image to be taken more seriously? Should I get nerdier glasses? Take up nerdier hobbies? Will my life be easier if I try to change who I am?"

The Northwestern event helped Skelly realize she didn't need to adopt an affected appearance or lifestyle to succeed in data science.

"I should be exactly who I am," said Skelly. "People can learn that someone who looks like me, and has the interests that I have, can also have the skills that I have."

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Jeff Bertolucci is a technology journalist in Los Angeles who writes mostly for Kiplinger's Personal Finance, The Saturday Evening Post, and InformationWeek. View Full Bio

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User Rank: Ninja
2/24/2015 | 5:59:10 PM
Interest in STEM
I would be interested in what made her want to be a data scientist. For women in science, you have to want it. If you don't really want a STEM job there plenty of other desirable jobs you could have with a lot less work. Finding ways to make girls interested in STEM fields in a way that opens up real interest in the underlying processes needed to be successful is one really good way to get more women into STEM. With future STEM girls in my house who have never heard of the term data scientist, I wonder if it's something they will think about after their current dreams of being either a vetrinarian or a lego master builder. The more I learn about what different jobs there are the more I wonder where my guidance teacher was hiding all these neat jobs.
User Rank: Ninja
2/20/2015 | 11:58:19 PM
Re: Non-news
jries, I don't think a focus on numbers is counterproductive. It should be the end all be all goal --- let's get this number to X by 201X! That's where you get into problems of perhaps pushing people in positions that don't really belong in those positions, simply to make a number, which then ultimately hurts the cause in the long run. I know of schools, for instance, that are seeking a certain class of people to become a certain percentage of the student body, and in trying to reach that percentage, they enroll members of that class of people who aren't entirely qualified ... and they end up failing out or doing miserably and that sours the chances in the future. That said, it's cliche and annoying but somewhat true: you can't improve what you dont measure.
User Rank: Strategist
2/11/2015 | 5:53:10 PM
Re: Male dominated
She makes a good point in saying that 'male-dominated' carries a power-based connotation. I never put much thought into saying tech was a male-dominated industry, but that could intimidate young women thinking about entering the field.
User Rank: Ninja
2/11/2015 | 3:04:50 PM
The flute section of just about any high school, college, or community band in the country is a girl's club and has been for decades, but male flautists are still generally welcome (and even greatly appreciated by their female fellows).  For most of the first two or three years I played in the community orchestra I've been part of for the last eight, I was the only male cellist and that was perfectly fine (right now, I'm one of two).  The vast majority of brass players in the USA are male and that has, as far as I can tell, always been true; but there are still a fair number that are female and they're generally accepted.

Says me, the fact that the vast majority of computer professionals are male is only a problem to the extent that women who want to enter the field are excluded or steered elsewhere.  Thus the goal is to focus on interest and talent and to make sure that a girl geek is as welcome in any IT department as a girl trumpeter or boy flautist is in a symphony orchestra; to that extent, a focus on numbers and partity is counterproductive.

User Rank: Author
2/10/2015 | 4:38:09 PM
Re: Male dominated
@jastroff It's true for other industries, as well. A couple of years ago, I covered a Bitcoin conference. I'd say it was about 70% male for the people in attendance and about 80% for the speakers.
User Rank: Ninja
2/10/2015 | 1:25:00 PM
Re: Male dominated
@jeff - thanks -- interesting article and worthwhile

As a woman in IT for some time now, I'm used to attending events where there were/are only a few women in the room, or only a few clients are women. That's changing as well. But not always among the decision makers.
User Rank: Author
2/10/2015 | 11:36:31 AM
Male dominated
As someone who often writes and researches big data topics, I'm often struck by the fact that you can come across platforms in which you'd find only men or only one woman among 5 or more men.  I'm sure women are making advances, but there is still a long way to go.
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