For Gutierrez's wife, that hasn't happened. Her background is in business administration in the horse industry, niche expertise that doesn't have U.S. employers racing to sponsor her. She's attending graduate school at a U.S. university and isn't allowed to hold a job--not even as a professor's assistant--to help offset tuition costs.
"I'm not in favor of or opposed to raising the cap on H-1B visas," Gutierrez says. "But I will tell you that being here as a foreign worker is expensive, and we are penalized. I didn't know about all the restrictions when I came here."
Because he's invested five years, not to mention the Social Security contributions, he's sticking it out through the often decade-long process of getting a green card. If that doesn't pan out, he might move to Canada or the United Kingdom. Says Gutierrez, "Compared to the U.S., it's very easy to go to the U.K. as a skilled worker."
Where An H-1B Visa Holder Comes From Matters
and One H-1B Visa Holder's Quest For A Green Card
In Depth: Why We Need The H-1B