Wipro, India's third-largest IT outsourcing provider after Tata Consultancy Services and Infosys Technologies, has myriad reasons to grow beyond India. For one, the U.S. government's cap on H-1B visas (65,000 for this year) makes it difficult for Indian companies to keep growing business in the United States, since they're limited by how many technologists they can send here for temporary work. Second, India's incredibly tight talent market has all of the country's IT giants looking to build staff in foreign lands. Third, some U.S. companies might be more likely to outsource with Capgemini, which has strong U.S. ties, than with an Indian-based provider.
Earlier this year, Wipro acquired U.S.-based IT services firm InfoCrossing in a $600 million deal. Not all companies in India share Wipro's acquisitive approach, instead choosing to set up new operations outside of India and hire locally. Infosys, for example, expanded in the Czech Republic earlier this year and set up its first Latin subsidiary in August. In a conversation with our editor Rob Preston in August, Infosys CEO Kris Gopalakrishnan didn't seem too keen on the idea of acquiring in the United States.
But that could change. A rep with Nasscom, an organization representing India's IT industry, notes that Indian companies are sitting on tons of cash and predicts more acquisitions of U.S. companies. Capgemini may be headquartered in France, but tens of thousands of its employees are U.S. citizens, mostly working on U.S. soil.
Expect to see more U.S.-based IT professionals and consultants working for India-based companies in the coming years. Just another sign of an increasingly global economy.