Matthew Berlage, a resident of Hamilton County, Ohio, Aaron Linsky and James Fairbanks, both residents of Santa Barbara, Calif., are suing Google for its mistake and seeking class action certification.
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An inquiry by the data protection authority in Hamburg, Germany, made the company realized it had actually been collecting WiFi payload data. Alan Eustace, SVP of research and engineering for Google, said in a blog post that back in 2006, a Google engineer had written some experimental WiFi code that grabbed unprotected WiFi network data.
Eustace said upon learning of its error, Google immediately halted its Street View data collection to segregate the inadvertently collected data and to begin deleting it, with the approval of local regulators. Last week, Google said that the Irish data protection authority had asked the company on Friday, May 14 to delete the data it had collected in Ireland and that the company had complied.
Those suing Google state that they maintain unprotected wireless networks and that they believe Google Street View vehicles on at least one occasion drove by their residences and captured whatever data they happened to be transmitting at that moment.
Whether they were actually sending and receiving data over their WiFi routers at times when Google's Street View cars drove by remains to be seen.
The plaintiffs are seeking statutory damages of $100 per day that data was stored without authorization or $10,000 per violation for each plaintiff. Because they can seek the greater of the two sums, the potential penalty could reach six figures if their data turns out to have been held since 2007.
An attorney representing the plaintiffs was not immediately available for comment.
Google's accidental data gathering has also brought attention from U.S. regulators. Representatives Joe Barton (R-Tex.) and Edward Markey (D-Mass.) wrote to the Federal Trade Commission last week to ask for an investigation into incident.
A Google spokesperson didn't immediately respond to a request to elaborate on the extent to which the company collected data traveling over WiFi networks in the U.S.