Google on Monday unveiled a research project called Project Bloks that aims to teach basic programming concepts through the manipulation of small electronic modules.
The goal of the project, explains Google Creative Lab executive director Steve Vranakis and project lead Jayme Goldstein in a blog post, is to create "an open hardware platform that researchers, developers and designers can use to build physical coding experiences."
Project Bloks is not yet publicly available. Vranakis and Goldstein say that they wanted to share details about the project before conducting further research later this year.
Through the Project Bloks website, Google is soliciting expressions of interest from educators, researchers, parents, hardware makers, and the press, in order to invite additional people to shape the project.
Google's Project Bloks team, which includes Stanford assistant professor Paulo Blikstein and design firm IDEO, created a prototype Coding Kit that has been provided to its pilot testers. The Kit includes three basic components:
- the Brain Board, a processing unit made with a Raspberry Pi Zero and an API for connecting other modules
- the Base Board that serves as intermediary hardware
- the Puck, which can be programmed to handle specific functions and can take various forms, like switch or dial
Together, these three components, in various combinations, can perform computing functions.
A Project Bloks video demonstrates how some students snapped together pieces of the Coding Kit to instruct a small robot to draw a series of squares, rotated around a point, on a piece of paper.
In a paper describing the goals of the initiative, members of the Project Bloks team argue, "computer programming is not simply a job skill, but a foundational literacy for everyone to learn."
The notion that coding is the new literacy has become a popular refrain in the technology industry. In 2013, for example, Code.org enlisted Microsoft chairman Bill Gates, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, Twitter cofounder Jack Dorsey, and various celebrities to urge young people to study computer science. This view has informed educational initiatives like the White House's Computer Science for All.
Google's researchers in their paper acknowledge that there are already many tools for teaching the basics of software and hardware. They cite MIT's Programmable Bricks, Lego Mindstorms, Cricket, Pico Cricket, GoGo Board, Wiring, Arduino, and Phidgets. There are also commercial educational products like Little Bits and Snap Circuits for those who wish to explore the intersection of software and hardware.
As Google sees it, there are too many options, which is why it's developing Project Bloks as a new open platform. "The market is saturated with too many incompatible designs," the paper explains. "A platform would also address the problem of increasingly complex hardware and software, which is a barrier for new designers, especially if they want to focus on educational design, rather than the technical aspects."