re: Apple Worked A Broken Patent System
As an IP (aka "patent") attorney, I have a slightly different slant. Congress has mandated that the USPTO be "profitable" - spend a lot of money expanding, have a slush fund for Congress to dip into, etc.
To do that, the USPTO has to encourage "big spenders" to spend big. So they now have a "performance vs revenue" (translation, as little work (expense) and as many fees (revenue) as possible).
For that model to work, they have to allow the really big spenders to just tell them what they will be allowing. To be successful as an Examiner, you will have to ignore trivial things like prior art, obviousness, etc., and simply tell the "big spender" how much it will cost them for whatever it is they want.
So, Apple is evil, true. But their evil would not work without Congress forcing it on the USPTO. The real perpetrators are the members of Congress who are desperate to find more money to give the wealthy, so the wealthy will pay them.