Criticism of elections in Indonesia is often directed at its institutions and organization. Until the 1999 General Election, the election organizer was the government which was handled directly by the election agency and/or Commission with the general chairman of the Minister of Home Affairs. This is the main issue of the general election in Indonesia, because interested parties are involved in organizing elections. There is concern that the election administrator will side with one of the contestants is not without reason, because observers consider that so far there have been practices that are less than commendable in the administration of elections, ranging from freedom of campaigning, voting, to vote counting. The purpose of writing this thesis is to find out the duties and authorities of the General Elections Commission in the implementation of elections, the right to vote and be elected for Indonesian citizens according to Law Number 12 of 2003 concerning General Elections for members of the People's Representative Council, Regional Representative Council, and Regional People's Representative Council. , as well as the actions taken by the General Elections Supervisory Committee (Panwaslu) against political parties that preceded the campaign in the 2004 General Election.
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The author in this case uses a problem approach with a normative juridical method. Sources of data used are secondary data sources, and data collection methods obtained from the literature. The holding of an honest and fair General Election and adhering to the principles of democracy is an absolute necessity that cannot be negotiated, let alone humiliated under any pretext, including reasons for national stability. An honest and fair election is a process that provides equal freedom and rights to all existing socio-political forces to be competent in a fair, honest and democratic manner.