Who in the enterprise should take the lead on cyber-security issues? And what role should the CIO play? These were the two main questions with which speakers wrestled during the MIT Sloan CIO Symposium, held in May on the school's campus in Cambridge, Mass.
During a session titled Cybersecurity: New Approaches to Assessing and Maximizing Your Protection, a panel of information security executives agreed that CISOs and their ilk are key players on the cyber-security battlefront.
Indeed, the importance of the role of CISO is well documented. According to the Ponemon Institute's 2014 Cost of Data Breach Study, one of eight factors having an impact on the cost of an enterprise's data breach is whether the CISO (or executive with a similar title and role) "has overall responsibility for enterprise data protection" and leads the incident response team. When this is the case, the per capita cost of a data breach is reduced -- on average -- by $10. (To help put that in perspective: The average per-capita cost of an enterprise data breach in 2014 was $201.)
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But, what should the link be between the CISO and the CIO? And, where does the CIO fit into the enterprise information security structure? In an informal poll during the session, the majority of audience members indicated by a show of hands their belief that enterprise security activity -- and, along with it, the CISO -- should fall under the CIO's purview. The panelists contested that notion.
"It's definitely a conflict of interest to have a security officer under [the CIO]," said panelist George Wrenn, VP and cyber security officer at Schneider Electric, because the performance of the CIO (who typically controls the CISO's budget) is often measured under interests that compete with good cyber-security practices. Instead, Wrenn said, the CISO should answer to a "non-technical role in the company."
Considerations of ethics and conflicts of interest can be paramount when it comes to making good security decisions -- as panelists demonstrated by drawing parallels to the 1986 Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. Investigators of that incident determined that safety issues received an undue lack of concern, as levels of "acceptable risk" were expanded in a culture where production was paramount and communication was flawed.
"[NASA] had to have X number of launches a year to justify the program financially," said Wrenn, alluding to what can happen when politics and budgets take precedence in security decisions.
At the same time, however, a big part of information security lies in managing levels of acceptable risk.
"It's really risk management and who does risk space … best … in your organization," said panelist Roland Cloutier, VP and chief security officer of ADP. Cloutier noted that data breach liability is a cost, and that's the mindset with which a board of directors makes decisions on information security.
"Everything comes back to cost," said panelist Nick Milne-Home, COO and president of 1E North America. "What has changed over the last year or so is the really, really clear [picture] of what that cost is."
Wrenn, for his part, voiced his preference that the CISO answer to the CFO because the CFO's priorities -- including those of cost management -- are more in line with those of the CISO than are the CIO's priorities.
Still, Cloutier maintained that the CIO has an important leadership role to play in cyber-security -- particularly when InfoSec is defined less as a cost center and more as a center for quality control.
For panelist Shuman Ghosemajumder, VP of product management at Shape Security, this is the paramount consideration. When asked what future CIOs should focus on in their education, Ghosemajumder was unhesitant in his response: "Number one: quality."
Ghosemajumder's solution to Cloutier's conundrum lies in "the explanation to the organization" of the import of cyber-security to quality. For all the cost considerations and risk assessment that go into information security decisions, Ghosemajunder urged executives to tell a story to their higher ups -- one that begins with: "Imagine this."
"It helps to change the DNA," observed Ghosemajumder.
What cyber-security story are you telling in your organization? How closely do you work with your company's cyber-security team? Who does your CISO report to? Tell us about it in the comments section below.
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