Netflix and Comcast announced a deal on Sunday whereby the bandwidth-hungry movie and television streaming service will pay the nation's largest cable provider for fast, reliable access to its subscribers.
It's being hailed as a landmark deal that acknowledges a weakening of Net neutrality rules that once ensured free and equal access to Internet bandwidth regardless of capacity demands. In January, a federal appeals court struck down Federal Communications Commission Net neutrality rules, saying the agency had overstepped its authority.
Proponents of Net neutrality have argued that major US carriers, including Comcast, Verizon, and AT&T, could wield too much power over content providers without rules preventing them from restricting access to bandwidth and charging premiums based on capacity demands. Netflix, producer of the popular House of Cards series, accounts for as much as a third of Internet traffic during peak viewing hours.
[Want more on the court ruling against FCC? Read Net Neutrality Court Ruling Won't Ruin The Internet.]
Last week, the FCC proposed new rules that would prevent Internet service providers from blocking legal sites or services from consumers and would restrict, but not ban, carriers from selectively restricting bandwidth. InformationWeek columnist Jonathan Feldman has argued that Carriers Won't Win The War On Netflix and other content providers because network monitoring will make restrictions obvious and they could not withstand the resulting public outcry.
The deal with Comcast signals that Netflix isn't counting on new Net neutrality rules and wasn't prepared to gamble with the customers' streaming experience. Terms of the deal were not divulged, but a source told The New York Times that Netflix will pay Comcast several million dollars per year to provide more direct and reliable access to its content, bypassing intermediary connections to its network to ensure steady streaming free of pauses and hiccups.
The deal comes just 10 days after Comcast agreed to pay $45 billion to acquire Time Warner Cable, a deal that, if approved, will give the company a third of the US cable market and 40% of the broadband Internet access market. There have also been reports that Verizon, another giant among carriers, has been restricting access to Netflix in the wake of the court ruling on Net neutrality rules, a charge that the carrier denied.
Consumer advocates fear that the Netflix-Comcast deal will spark similar deals with the cost of the fees passed along to the consumer. Will carriers be able to hold content providers over a barrel until they agree to pay fees for adequate bandwidth? It remains to be seen whether the FCC will attempt to step in to prevent such deals or whether its new rules will stand up to court scrutiny.
Engage with Oracle president Mark Hurd, NFL CIO Michelle McKenna-Doyle, General Motors CIO Randy Mott, Box founder Aaron Levie, UPMC CIO Dan Drawbaugh, GE Power CIO Jim Fowler, and other leaders of the Digital Business movement at the InformationWeek Conference and Elite 100 Awards Ceremony, to be held in conjunction with Interop in Las Vegas, March 31 to April 1, 2014. See the full agenda here.Doug Henschen is Executive Editor of InformationWeek, where he covers the intersection of enterprise applications with information management, business intelligence, big data and analytics. He previously served as editor in chief of Intelligent Enterprise, editor in chief of ... View Full Bio