This research paper aims to explain why many companies are seeking vendors that focus on taking accounting, IT, human resources and other functions out of their clients hands allowing that company to focus on their manufacturing, services, customer service and/or core competency. The paper provides a basic working definition of business process outsourcing, examining the business process outsourcing mainly from the perspective of a company that handles these functions for clients in the mid market in the United States, analysis of the future outlook for BPO and a discussion on some future avenues that this industry can move into.
This research paper presents the performance of OFDM systems with coding, spreading and clipping. Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) codes give coding gains and spreading by the Walsh Hadamard transform gives gains in terms of increased frequency diversity as well as reduced peak-to average power ratio (PAPR) of the transmitted OFDM signal. Reducing the PAPR is important in systems with clipping since it is related to the probability of clips. Each clip introduces clipping noise to the system which reduces the performance. It is shown that there is a gain by spreading for LDPC coded OFDM systems, especially for systems with clipping.
This paper shows that within a simple model of technology adoption, the explicit introduction of social network structure has lead to the emergence of more than one technology taking a hold in the market. Furthermore, there is empirical evidence that this scenario is occurring in the instant messenger market, despite expert predictions that it would turn out to be a winner-take-all market. It has demonstrated that this only occurs in markets where the connectivity between people is sufficiently high and random.
Link-11 is a popular variation of Tactical Digital Information Links (TADIL) series. Link-11 is a tactical digital communication network standard deployed in military platforms now for several decades. The standard employs the digital modulation technique Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (DQPSK) to encode formatted binary messages (M-series messages) onto an audio channel, which are then modulated and transmitted over a radio communications network. Testing of the various systems that use this communications network requires either a fully operational RF network or exchange of the audio-encoded data over a voice channel.
The golf club manufacturing industry generates hundreds of millions of dollars each year in the United States alone. The biggest manufactures and distributors of golf clubs are headquartered in California or Arizona. However, some 80-90% of all these companies merchandise is produced and manufactured in China, Taiwan and Japan. Of the major manufacturers, only Karsten Manufacturing, makers of Ping (located in Tempe, Arizona) still manufactures almost all of their equipment in the U.S. The other major manufacturers, Adams, Callaway, Cleveland, Cobra, Nike, TaylorMade, and Titleist have almost all of their equipment manufactured in Chinas Pearl River Delta region. The combination of cheap skilled workers and technical expertise has created what seams to be a dream come true for manufacturers.
This research paper tell that outsourcing industry has been gaining momentum for last couple of years and it has been estimated that IT outsourcing alone in India would reach about $55 billion dollars this year. To attract new businesses, Indian companies are offering services in new areas such as Human Resources, Finance and Accounting, Payroll, CRM etc. Companies should take advantages of the lower costs and talented pool in India to further reduce spending on small and non-critical services. This paper from University of Arizona discusses certain new areas of outsourcing that are currently offered and can be offered in future by companies in India.