Governments throughout the world use contracting to ensure delivery of publicly funded education services. Historically, contracting has been limited to education support services. In recent years however, governments have begun to contract with the private sector for the delivery of core education services and school facilities. This research paper provides an overview of international examples of contracting with the private sector for the delivery of educational services, professional services and the provision of educational infrastructure. It also draws a number of tentative lessons from this international experience for the design and implementation of contracting in the education sector.
How does the formation of cross-country teams affect the organization of work and the structure of wages? The Paper by Harvard University answers this question through a model of the assignment of heterogeneous agents into hierarchical teams, where less skilled agents specialize in production and more skilled agents specialize in problem solving. The properties of the competitive equilibrium of the model in a closed economy are first studied, and shown that the model has a unique and efficient solution. This Paper then studies the equilibrium of a two-country model.
This paper surveys spyware, viruses and utilize collectively called malware. The first section discusses the objectives of malware. The second section addresses its composition and distribution mechanisms. Mitigation is addressed in the third section, and fourth section addresses the relationship between usability and risk mitigation. This portion of the paper addresses the objectives of spyware, viruses and exploits. The paper takes the approach of first enumerating the objectives, with some historical background and illustrates taxonomy as put forth by a leading AV publisher.
There is no doubt that the accountable internet will create new problems and risks of its own. The list of ""Who you trust"" could become a valuable piece of information about an individual vulnerable to invasion by the government or others who may not respect his or her privacy. Whenever trust relationships are formed, there are chances of making oneself more vulnerable to betrayal, because those who would defraud or harm will attempt to ride on top of those trusted connections.
This research paper describes that cross-border trade in services is growing rapidly, with both developed and developing countries among the most dynamic exporters. Despite the substantial global benefits from such trade, the adjustment pressures created in importing countries could provoke a protectionist backlash - some signs of which are already visible in procurement and regulatory restrictions. The current negotiations under the Doha Development Agenda offer an opportunity to lock-in current openness and preempt protectionism. This note suggests options for securing openness.
This paper develops a simple micro-founded model of pegs and currency crises. Its basic point is that a country may adhere to a fixed exchange rate regime in order to signal strong fundamentals and thereby either facilitate the corporate sectors access to international borrowing or increase the governments chances of re-election; and that policy decisions come as a package: Signaling strong fundamentals requires not only setting and defending an ambitious peg, but also discouraging (or at least not encouraging) country hedging, allowing for short maturity structures, and so forth.
The research paper from Harvard University suggests factors associated with successful social entrepreneurship, particularly with social entrepreneurship that leads to significant changes in the social, political and economic contexts for poor and marginalized groups. It generates hypotheses about core innovations, leadership, organization, and scaling up in successful social entrepreneurship. This paper seeks to identify factors associated with successful social entrepreneurship. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications for the practice of social entrepreneurship, for further research, and for the continued development of support technologies and institutions that will encourage future social entrepreneurship.