First, in order to avoid market fragmentation and needlessly costly development, there is the need of a concerted effort towards the development of an international standard. Second, the development of RFID should not be the subject of monopolistic commercial development. RFID technology has tremendous potential to ease life and to improve the human condition.
The information society has numerous facets: it is necessary to take into account their legal, political, economic, cultural and social aspects. Consequently, multi-stakeholder involvement is a key to find practical solutions. Only a global conference of the breadth of the WSIS can ensure that these aspects are taken into consideration. In this paper, the concept of Universal Access is to be understood as community service access to public telecom networks, in contrast to the Universal Service concept which is considered as an individual service access.
The year 2002 marked an historic turning point in the history of telephony, when mobile subscribers overtook fixed-line subscribers worldwide. The rise of mobile telephony to overtake fixed has brought with it a huge number of implications, but perhaps the most significant impact is on access, both to basic telecommunication services. This paper will first describe the development of mobile communications, the key drivers and inhibitors of growth, their benefits and cost, and the challenges that lie ahead with the migration to next-generation networks.