In recent years, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) has emerged as an important new technology for many Enterprises. Many industries will consider, test, and deploy RFID technology as part of their automated data collection infrastructure. The potential benefits are compelling. This whitepaper provides an introduction to RFID and a brief description of how the passive-tag version of the technology works. It then outlines the impact this new technology may have on the Enterprise as companies in multiple industries embrace RFID and move to production deployments.