Advanced research can't exist on high-performance computing alone. It needs big bandwidth, too.
The Department of Energy's Advanced Networking Initiative (ANI), operated under the auspices of the Energy Sciences Network, or ESnet, will bring 100-Gbps networking to more than 40 national laboratories and research centers. ANI went into operation last fall as a prototype, connecting supercomputer centers in California, Illinois, and Tennessee, and extending to gateways that serve hundreds of research networks.
The plan calls for ANI to become the next-generation national research network, ESnet5. How do scientists plan to use 10 times the bandwidth they're used to? One demo involved simulating the creation of the universe, as seen above.