Which issues are keeping CIOs and other IT leaders up at night? According to the latest IT Trends Study by the Society for Information Management, to be released publicly in October, their No. 1 priority/worry is securing their enterprises against attacks and leaks -- no surprise given the rash of breaches at Target, eBay, Michaels, Home Depot, Montana Department of Public Health, and other organizations. CIO priority No. 2 is finding and hiring talented people, followed by the age old "aligning" IT with "the business."
Three of the other top 10 CIO priorities, according to the SIM survey, all have to do with speed: IT time to market (No. 4), velocity of change in IT (No. 7), and velocity of change in business (No. 9). As lead researcher Leon Kappelman joked on a call in which he laid out highlights of the survey: "They used to say that speed kills. I don't think you can say that anymore."
Which survey results were most surprising to Kappelman? Besides the compelling need for speed, he was initially surprised by how much money IT organizations are spending on data center infrastructure (the second biggest investment bucket after analytics and business intelligence) and on internal/external cloud services (including the related work of integrating them with legacy systems -- "putting lipstick on that pig," as he put it).
Kappelman also noted that CIOs are now measured mainly on business criteria (the top four measures are value of IT to the business, IT's contribution to strategy, internal and external customer satisfaction, and innovative new ideas) more than technology criteria (Nos. 5 through 7 are system availability, projects delivered on time, and IT cost controls). And what do survey respondents consider to be the top skills for CIO success? Not technical ones. The top 10 are leadership, people management, strategic planning, decision making, oral communications, collaboration, emotional intelligence, honesty, business analysis, and change management.
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Kappelman said the survey produced "amazing data" on what CIOs do day in and day out. CIOs responding to the SIM survey reported spending more than 41% of their time, on average, on business-oriented areas such as evangelizing IT and business contributions, serving the needs of customers, managing change, and conducting business research, while spending 36% of their time on IT personnel-related matters and 18% on IT/business strategy.
One area that Kappelman thinks is getting a bit "passé" is IT-business alignment, which survey respondents rated -- for the umpteenth straight year -- the No. 1 priority for their enterprises as a whole (the CIOs themselves consider it their No. 3 priority). Some 81% of survey respondents said they either strongly agree or agree with the premise that "IT is aligned with the business" at their enterprises. So why is it even an issue in this day and age?
InformationWeek has argued that a better CIO goal is IT-customer alignment, as it's more focused on an end goal -- business value and customer satisfaction -- than on internal mechanics. Kappelman seemed to agree: "The 'alignment' measure has always bothered me because it's an us vs. them thing. IT is the business. IT leaders think: I'm a business person, not an IT person. It could mean we need a new definition of the measure."
Joe Tait, CIO of Lydall, a maker of specialty engineering products and materials, chimed in on the call to say he prefers the term "embedded." Do financial and other execs need to get "aligned" with their business colleagues? he asked rhetorically. Now that the IT profession is about 40 years old, Tait added, perhaps it's time to move on. He noted that Lydall embeds IT people into its factories and other operations, as well as with customers. "It helps us walk in lockstep with our business customers," Tait said.
Among other highlights of the SIM survey:
- The percentage of revenue allocated to IT is on the rise, to 5.14% in 2014 compared with 4.95% last year, 3.87% in 2010, and 3.50% in 2007, as the recession began. Kappelman said it isn't clear whether IT organizations are merely catching up -- making investments they delayed during the recession or, in the case of the healthcare industry, were pressured to make by government policy -- or whether there's a larger trend here.
- IT organizations are also spending a larger percentage of their budgets on training and education -- 4.99% in 2014 compared with 4.68% in 2013 and a meager 2.87% in 2012. The increase in employee training and education may be a response to another trend the SIM study cites: IT employee turnover is on the rise. Such turnover was 8.97% in 2014 compared to rates hovering between 5% and 7% from 2006 to 2013.
- The average job tenure for CIOs is trending upward: 5.41 years in 2014 compared with 5.20 years in 2013, 4.60 years in 2009, and 3.60 years in 2006, just before the recession hit.
- The lion's share of CIOs still report to CEOs (44%), with the rest reporting to CFOs (26%), COOs (15%), business unit heads (9%), and other execs (6%). Those findings are little changed from last year's survey.
This year's SIM IT Trends Study is based on 1,002 responses from IT leaders at 717 companies and organizations. It's the largest sample size since the survey began in 1980. Those enterprises have an average revenue of $5.6 billion and an average IT budget of $288 million.
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