How hot is Hadoop? The top three distributors of the software have collectively landed $1 billion in venture capital in 2014 alone. Now Hortonworks, the second-largest Hadoop distributor, has filed for an initial public offering to take place next year.
News of Hortonworks' impending IPO first surfaced on Forbes on Monday, accompanied by the kinds of insider financial details that private companies never share until they're forced to as part of the IPO process. Hortonworks' filing revealed that it had revenue of $11 million in 2013 while losing more than three times as much, $36.6 million, on operations. The losses-to-revenues ratio improved marginally in the first half of 2014, with Hortonworks losing $86.7 million on revenues of $33.3 million.
Losses aren't unusual for a three-year-old tech startup, but then Hortonworks is not your typical startup. For starters, Hortonworks was spun out of Yahoo in 2011 and launched with more than 50 employees from that organization. Secondly, Hortonworks is developing, distributing, and supporting Hadoop, the buzziest platform in the high-profile big data movement.
[Want more on the allure of big data? Read Hadoop 'No Longer Optional,' Says Forrester.]
Hortonworks is valued at more than $1 billion, which is good news for investors including HP and Blackrock, which together led a $150 million investment round earlier this year. Hadoop market leader Cloudera has accumulated even more cash, having won a $740 million investment from Intel in March to buy 18% of the company this summer. MapR, the third largest Hadoop distributor, landed a $110 million venture infusion this summer, led by an $80 million investment by Google Capital.
Why are Hadoop vendors so highly valued? Just last week, influential analyst firm Forrester Research declared in a report that Hadoop is "no longer optional" for large enterprises because "Hadooponomics" -- the ability to linearly scale both data storage and data processing -- has made a compelling case for the big data platform.
What has yet to be determined is just how most enterprises will analyze the data within Hadoop, whether through proprietary tools and databases supplied by legacy data-management vendors, or through open source tools and projects offered through a new generation of vendors.
Hortonworks has vowed to stick entirely with open source software options, making training, support, and software development for partners such as HP, Microsoft, SAP, and Teradata its primary sources of revenue.
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